Claudia Siegers

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Male rats provided with a 5 or 15% (v/v) ethanol solution as the sole source of fluid consumed ethanol at a rate of 11.4 or 24.9% of total calories (4.2 or 8.3 g/kg daily). After ethanol consumption lasting 1, 2 and 3 weeks the hepatotoxicity of CCl4 (0.1 ml/kg i.p.) was elevated by determination of serum activities of glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase(More)
The amniotic fluids of 155 pregnant women, non-smokers (n = 128) and smokers (n = 27), were investigated on their cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) concentrations. The mean +/- s range of Cd in the amniotic fluid of non-smokers amounted to 2.58 +/- 1.36 ng/l, that of smokers to 7.29 +/- 2.39 micrograms/l. Moreover, there was a correlation between the extent of(More)
For more than 40 years coumarin has been successfully used in the therapy of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). The occurrence of liver injuries is rather rare and happens predominantly when doses are administered which are significantly higher than necessary for therapeutical use. Such effects caused by high coumarin concentrations are reproducible in in(More)
To study the role of lipid peroxidation in halothane-induced hepatic damage, ethane exhalation by rats exposed to 1% halothane for 1 hour was determined under normoxic (21% O2) and hypoxic (6% O2) conditions. The effects of microsomal enzyme induction by phenobarbital and/or glutathione depletion on this parameter of in vivo lipid peroxidation were studied.(More)
Coumarin is found in many medicinal plants and therefore also used in phytomedicine for the treatment of venous diseases. The metabolic pathways of coumarin in the human body lead to the intermediate 7-hydroxy-coumarin and consequent glucuronidation in the intestine and liver. The antitumor activities of coumarin (C) and its known metabolite(More)
BACKGROUND While great efforts have been made in recent years to develop in vitro methods for assessing skin irritation potential, there are relatively few data that correlate in vitro data with in vivo data. OBJECTIVES To expand our previously reported investigations on in vitro vs. in vivo correlation of a series of homologous N-alkyl sulphates of(More)
We investigated the acute toxic and metabolic effects of 23-aliphatic alcohols (16 saturated and 7 unsaturated) in the isolated perfused rat liver at a concentration of 65.1 mmol/l (approximately 0.3% ethanol). The capacity of the straight chain primary alcohols (methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 1-butanol and 1-pentanol) to release the enzymes(More)
In a model of dimethylhydrazine-induced colorectal tumors in male mice aloin- or sennoside-enriched diets (0.03%) did not promote incidence and growth of adenomas and carcinomas after 20 weeks. Furthermore, in anthranoid-fed mice no significant changes in serum electrolytes as well as parameters of hepato- and nephrotoxicity were observed.
UNLABELLED Cystinol akut containing arbutin was developed as an antiseptic since it liberates hydroquinone in the urine. The in vivo release of hydroquinone from arbutin with or without addition of glusulase or an E. coli suspension was investigated in 4 volunteers. They ingested 6 dragees Cystinol akut (420 mg arbutin equivalent to 168 mg hydroquinone),(More)