Claudia Semmler

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Objective:To discover whether eating behaviour traits show continuity and stability over childhood.Subjects/Methods:Mothers of 428 twin children from the Twins Early Development Study participated in a study of eating and weight in 1999 when the children were 4 years old. Families were contacted again in 2006 when the children were aged 10 years, with(More)
Objective:To examine the association between eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) and adiposity in children.Design:Two cross-sectional studies in community settings.Subjects:For study 1, 348 children (178 girls and 170 boys) aged 7–9 years were recruited as part of the Physical Exercise and Appetite in Children Study. In study 2, participants were a(More)
AIM To examine the impact of training in overdose management and naloxone provision on the knowledge and confidence of current opiate users; and to record subsequent management of overdoses that occur during a 3-month follow-up period. DESIGN Repeated-measures design to examine changes in knowledge and confidence immediately after overdose management(More)
Individuals differ widely in cortisol output over the day and cortisol reactivity to challenge, both of which are relevant to disease risk. There is limited evidence concerning the heritability of these differences, so we evaluated the heritability of cortisol levels in the afternoon and cortisol reactivity using a twin design. The study involved 80(More)
The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that socioeconomic status (SES) moderates the association between parental weight and changes in BMI from childhood to early adolescence. Participants included 428 twin children from 100 families with obese parents ("obese families") and 114 sociodemographically matched families with normal-weight parents(More)
Although acute urticaria is common, its eliciting factors, clinical course and therapeutic responsiveness have not been intensively investigated. We have therefore prospectively studied all patients with acute urticaria attending the department of dermatology (n = 72) and a rural dermatology office (n = 37) during the course of 1 year. After a standardized(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to document the association between health literacy and willingness and ability to seek information about the new colorectal cancer (CRC) screening program in the UK.(1) We also assessed self-efficacy for screening to determine the impact of health literacy on perceived confidence to take part in screening. METHODS Ninety-six(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether parental reports of children's physical activity are stable over time and correlate with objectively-measured physical activity. METHODS Participants were 322 twin children from a large UK twin cohort. When the children were aged 4 (1999) and 11 (2006), mothers rated their activity levels using four different measures. These(More)
A study was conducted in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) neonates to correlate structural damage to the central nervous system due to intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) with electrophysiological function of the lower auditory system as measured by brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP). BAEP testing of 61 VLBW neonates was completed at 36 weeks conceptional(More)