Claudia Semino

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Interaction of natural killer (NK) cells with autologous immature dendritic cells (DCs) results in reciprocal activation; however, the underlying mechanisms are so far elusive. We show here that NK cells trigger immature DCs to polarize and secrete interleukin 18 (IL-18), a cytokine lacking a secretory leader sequence. This occurs through a Ca2+-dependent(More)
A number of agents reducing interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) activity are being developed as novel immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory therapies. However, the elucidation of their molecular mechanism of action is required in the context of medical management of inflammatory diseases. Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) are promising anticancer agents(More)
Tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) have the capability of recognising and lysing autologous cancer cells, both in vitro and in vivo. Advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is partially insensitive to chemo radiotherapy and has a poor prognosis: thus, for this, an immunotherapeutic approach could be attempted. We expanded in vitro 46 out of 70(More)
Some chemical carcinogens localize preferentially in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) when compared with genomic DNA (gDNA). Here we compare the ability of cisplatin (cis-diamminedichloroplatinum[II]) to induce DNA adducts in both genomic and mtDNA of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells in culture. Cytotoxicity was examined by cell survival 4, 8 and 24 h after(More)
An enzyme-immunoassay was developed to evaluate the presence of anti-erythropoietin antibodies in plasma samples obtained from renal failure patients treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rh-EPO). The assay was specific and reproducible. Normal donors had no antibodies to EPO, while 67% of treated patients were positive to the assay. While the(More)
A number of agents reducing interleukin-1 (IL-1 ) activity are being developed as novel immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory therapies. However, the elucidation of their molecular mechanism of action is required in the context of medical management of inflammatory diseases. Inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACs) are promising anticancer agents with(More)
CI-994 (N-acetyldinaline) is a novel oral compound with a wide spectrum of antitumor activity in preclinical models, in vitro and in vivo. The mechanism of action may involve inhibition of histone deacetylation and cell cycle arrest. We studied the action of CI-994 on two non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines: A-549 (adenocarcinoma) and LX-1(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether the expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I on eutopic and ectopic endometrial cells modify the susceptibility to lysis mediated by lymphocytes. DESIGN Evaluation of T lymphocyte cytotoxic activity and HLA class I expression on endometrial cells. SETTING Subjects were recruited at laparoscopy. PATIENTS(More)
Tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) derived from several histotypes, including melanoma, can be expanded in vitro in the presence of recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) and infused as part of experimental adoptive immunotherapy protocols. Several authors have described the isolation and the expansion of TIL, but little is known about the actual proportion(More)
Although CD33 represents an important marker of myeloid cell differentiation, its function remains poorly defined. In view of its homology with p75/AIRM1, a recently identified surface molecule which exerts a potent inhibition on NK cell function, we re-evaluated the effect of CD33 engagement in defined myeloid cell functions. Addition of anti-CD33 mAb to(More)