Claudia Schianchi

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Radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFA) destroys tumoral tissue generating a local necrosis followed by marked inflammatory response with a dense T-cell infiltrate. In this study, we tested whether hepatocellular carcinoma thermal ablation can induce or enhance T-cell responses specific for hepatocellular carcinoma-associated antigens. Peripheral blood(More)
OBJECTIVE Recombinant human interferon-alpha (r-IFN-alpha) is often successfully used in the treatment of patients with chronic viral hepatitis B and C. Thyroid dysfunction has been reported to occur with variable frequency during r-IFN-alpha therapy especially in patients with preexisting thyroid autoimmunity. We have prospectively evaluated the effect of(More)
Twenty-nine patients with chronic hepatitis C and 15 asymptomatic hepatitis C virus antibody-positive subjects who clinically recovered from hepatitis C virus infection were studied for their peripheral blood lymphomononuclear cell proliferative response to hepatitis C virus structural and nonstructural antigens (core, envelope, nonstructural 4 and(More)
The definition of the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence after resection represents a central issue to improve the clinical management of patients. In this study we examined the prognostic relevance of infiltrating immune cell subsets in the tumor (TIL) and in nontumorous (NT) liver (LIL), and the expression of immune-related and(More)
Radiofrequency thermal ablation represents an effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and it can also exert an "adjuvant" effect on spontaneous antitumor T-cell responses, as suggested by human and animal studies. The adjuvant effect is thought to depend on the huge amount of necrotic tumor antigen made available to the immune system by HCC(More)
14 hepatitis B vaccine recipients who showed high titers of anti-hepatitis B surface antibodies in serum after booster immunization with a polyvalent hepatitis B surface antigen vaccine that contained trace amounts of hepatitis B virus (HBV) preS1 and preS2 envelope antigens were studied for their in vitro T cell response to these antigens. All 14 subjects(More)
Clinical resolution of acute hepatitis C occurs in a limited proportion of cases. However, the rate of hepatitis C virus persistence remains unclear. For this purpose, we conducted a serial study of 60 patients with hepatitis C virus infection from the early stage of the disease for 24 to 80 months (average 50 months). Fourteen cases who recovered from(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of pharmacological quantities of iodide (SSKI) on thyroid function in euthyroid patients previously treated with recombinant interferon-alpha (rIFN-alpha) for chronic viral hepatitis B and C (HCV), a cytokine which may induce thyroid dysfunction. DESIGN Thyroid function tests were carried out in 16 euthyroid patients, 8(More)
We screened 74 patients with nonA nonB acute hepatitis (37 of post-transfusion PTH, and 37 of non-post-transfusion, NPTH, origin) for the presence of anti-HCV by tests detecting either C100-3 antibodies alone (ELISA I) or C100-3 plus C33c plus C22-3 antibodies (ELISA II). Samples were taken at the onset of disease and then serially for a period of time(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the administration of pharmacological quantities of iodine during interferon-alpha (rIFN-alpha) treatment of chronic viral hepatitis B and C (HCV) would exacerbate the potential adverse effects of rIFN alpha on thyroid function. DESIGN Thyroid function tests were carried out in 48 euthyroid patients before and during(More)