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Gefitinib (Iressa), an orally-active tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is the first approved molecular-targeted drug for the management of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Two Phase II trials (IDEAL [Iressa Dose Evaluation in Advanced Lung Cancer]-1 and -2), evaluated the efficacy of(More)
Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard treatment for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but the evidence of its efficacy among ECOG performance status (PS)2 patients is weak because these patients are usually excluded from clinical trials; concern exists about tolerability and feasibility of standard chemotherapy in these(More)
Afatinib is an oral, irreversible, tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) of EGFR, HER2 and HER4. According to phase I studies, the recommended dose of afatinib was 50mg daily. Rash, acne, diarrhea and stomatitis were the most common adverse events. Afatinib failed to demonstrate an improvement in overall survival in unselected heavily pretreated NSCLC patients(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) treatment of embryonal carcinoma cell line NTERA-2 clone D1 (NT2/D1) induces growth arrest and terminal differentiation along the neuronal pathway. In the present study, we provide a functional link between RA and p27 function in the control of neuronal differentiation in NT2/D1 cells. We report that RA enhances p27 expression, which(More)
Hexamethylen-bisacetamide (HMBA) represents the prototype of a group of hybrid polar compounds, which induce differentiation in a variety of transformed cells including human embryonal carcinoma cells. Therefore, HMBA has been used in the differentiation therapy of cancer for patients with both hematological and solid malignancies. Upon HMBA treatment, the(More)
PURPOSE This phase II trial assessed the tolerability and efficacy of a triplet of oxaliplatin, irinotecan, and fluorouracil/folinic acid in advanced gastric cancer. METHODS Patients with unresectable or metastatic gastric cancer, unexposed to palliative chemotherapy, received oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) iv and irinotecan 150 mg/m(2) iv on day 1, 6S-folinic(More)
Oxaliplatin (OXA) and irinotecan (IRI) are active drugs for metastatic colorectal cancer, their toxicity profiles are not overlapping, and both drugs have shown at least additivity with folinic acid-modulated 5-fluorouracil (5FU). We carried out this phase II study to assess the activity and toxicity of a biweekly regimen including OXA plus IRI on day 1,(More)
PURPOSE To assess the safety and efficacy of oxaliplatin (OXA) plus dual inhibition of thymidilate synthase during preoperative pelvic radiotherapy (RT) in patients with poor prognosis for rectal carcinoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS Sixty-three patients with the following characteristics, a clinical (c) stage T4, cN1-2, or cT3N0 of ≤5 cm from the anal verge(More)
8-Chloro-cAMP (8-Cl-cAMP) is a novel agent that is able to inhibit the growth of a wide variety of cancer cell types in vitro and in vivo and, at doses devoid of toxicity, to achieve plasma concentrations in cancer patients in a range effective for cancer cell growth inhibition. In this study, we have demonstrated that 8-Cl-cAMP, at a dose causing mild or(More)