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Etoposide (VP16) pharmacokinetics was investigated in three groups of cancer patients: a control group of 18 patients with renal and hepatic function tests in the normal range; a group of 8 patients with renal insufficiency; and a group of 15 patients with abnormal hepatic function. In the control group plasma clearance (Clp), volume of distribution (Vd),(More)
Twenty-two consecutive patients with recurrent malignant brain tumors after radiation therapy and systemic combination chemotherapy with BCNU and vincristine, four of whom were not evaluable due to early death, were treated with etoposide (VP-16-213) (50-100 mg/m2 for five days every three weeks). Response, defined as improvement in both clinical(More)
A new rabbit calicivirus related to the rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) was identified. The new virus contains significant differences from the previously characterized RHDV isolates in terms of pathogenicity, viral titer, tropism, and primary sequence of the structural protein. Cross-protection experiments, antigenic data, and sequence comparisons(More)
The rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus capsid protein was expressed in insect cells either as an individual protein species, from a mRNA analogous to the viral subgenomic RNA, or as part of a polyprotein that included the viral 3C-like protease and the RNA polymerase. Both pathways of expression led to the assembly of viruslike particles morphologically and(More)
Flavonoids are a class of polyphenolic compounds widely distributed in the plant kingdom, which display a variety of biological activities, including chemoprevention and tumor growth inhibition. Our aim was to investigate the effects of several polyphenols on the growth and metastatic potential of B16-BL6 melanoma cells in vivo. Intraperitoneal(More)
This study aimed to assess the usefulness and advantages of multiplanar reformations (MPR) during multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT)-guided percutaneous fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and core biopsy of retroperitoneal lesions that are difficult to access with the guidance of ultrasound and axial CT alone owing to overlying bony structures,(More)
A panel of anti-rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (anti-RHDV) monoclonal antibodies was produced and characterized. The ability of the MAbs to recognize epitopes present on RHDV capsids, European brown hare syndrome virus capsids and RHDV subunits was determined. Preliminary results on the neutralizing capacity of the MAbs were obtained by in vivo protection(More)
The usefulness of chemotherapy in patients with stage II disease continues to be debated. Biological prognostic factors may allow further insight into the optimal treatment strategy for patients with node-negative disease. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) seems to be essential for angiogenesis and for the growth of colorectal cancer. Recently, it(More)
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus, a positive-stranded RNA virus of the family Caliciviridae, encodes a trypsin-like cysteine protease as part of a large polyprotein. Upon expression in Escherichia coli, the protease releases itself from larger precursors by proteolytic cleavages at its N and C termini. Both cleavage sites were determined by N-terminal(More)
VP16 and VM26 were determined by high pressure liquid chromatography in intracerebral tumors, adjacent normal brain tissue, plasma and CSF samples from 24 patients given the two drugs before surgical resection of the tumor. The drugs were administered at doses of 100-150 mg/m2 as a 1-hour i.v. infusion, between 1.5 and 12 hours before surgery.(More)