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The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway regulates the turnover of many transcription factors, including steroid hormone receptors such as the estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor. For these receptors, proteasome inhibition interferes with steroid-mediated transcription. We show here that proteasome inhibition with MG132 results in increased accumulation of(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate an embroidered polycaprolactone-co-lactide (trade name PCL) scaffold for the application in bone tissue engineering. The surface of the PCL scaffolds was hydrolyzed with NaOH and coated with collagen I (coll I) and chondroitin sulfate (CS). It was investigated if a change of the surface properties and the application of(More)
Tissue engineering and regenerative techniques targeting bone include a broad range of strategies and approaches to repair, augment, replace or regenerate bone tissue. Investigations that are aimed at optimization of these strategies until clinical translation require control of systemic factors as well as modification of a broad range of key parameters.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are of major clinical interest for the development of cell-based strategies to treat musculoskeletal diseases including critical-size bone defects caused by trauma, degenerative disorders, or infections. Elderly people mainly suffer from critical-size bone defects from the rising incidence of trauma, osteoporosis, and(More)
To investigate and assess bone regeneration in sheep in combination with new implant materials classical histological staining methods as well as immunohistochemistry may provide additional information to standard radiographs or computer tomography. Available published data of bone defect regenerations in sheep often present none or sparely labeled(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteogenic potential and the vascularization of embroidered, tissue engineered, and cell-seeded 3D poly(3)hydroxybutyrate (PHB) scaffolds in nude rats. Collagen I (coll I)- and collagen I/chondroitin sulfate (coll I/CS)-coated PHB scaffolds were seeded with human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Proliferation and(More)
Tissue engineering of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) implant with functional enthesis requires site-directed seeding of different cell types on the same scaffold. Therefore, we studied the suitability of self-assembled three-dimensional spheroids generated by lapine ACL ligament fibroblasts for directed scaffold colonization. The spheroids were(More)
The current study was undertaken with the goal being isolation, cultivation, and characterization of ovine mesenchymal stem cells (oMSC). Furthermore, the objective was to determine whether biological active polycaprolactone-co-lactide (trade name PCL) scaffolds support the growth and differentiation of oMSC in vitro. The oMSC were isolated from the iliac(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) from bone marrow are considered a promising cell source for bone tissue engineering applications because of their ability to differentiate into cells of the osteoblastic lineage. Mechanical stimulation is able to promote osteogenic differentiation of hMSC; however, the use of hydrostatic pressure (HP) has not been well(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteogenic potential of embroidered, tissue-engineered polycaprolactone-co-lactide (trade name: PCL) scaffolds for the reconstruction of large bone defects. Ten piled-up PCL scaffolds were implanted in femura with a critical size defect of immunodeficient nude rats for 12 weeks [n = 4, group 1: noncoated, group 2:(More)