Claudia R Llerena

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We studied respiratory system resistance by the interrupter technique (Rint) in healthy and asthmatic children, paying special attention to the effect of cheek compliance and the effects of supporting the cheeks, the influence of lung volume at which interruption was performed, the effect of direction of flow before occlusion (inspiration vs. expiration),(More)
Acinetobacter spp. and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are common pathogens of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The presentation and outcome of VAP due to Acinetobacter spp. and P. aeruginosa susceptible to carbapenems (Carb-S; imipenem and/or meropenem) and to colistin only (Col-S) were compared in the present retrospective study in three intensive care(More)
INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis is a widespread and increasingly important infectious disease. A third of the world-wide population is infected. Every year nine million cases occur in the world, one million of them appearing in children under 15 years old. In Colombia alone, 719 cases were reported for the year 2008. OBJECTIVE The incidence of Mycobacterium(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize tuberculosis drug-resistance using anti-tuberculosis drug-sensitivity tests in Colombian prisoners. METHODS Descriptive-retrospective analyses were performed on cases of tuberculosis in prisoners. Samples were evaluated by the National Reference Laboratory. Conditions like gender, TB/VIH co-infection and drug-resistance were(More)
INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis is an important cause of disease and death worldwide. An estimated 8.8 million new cases occurred in 2005 with 1.6 million deaths, including 195,000 among HIV-infected people. According to World Health Organization, the incidence rate was stable or in decline worldwide; however, the total number of new cases rose due to regional(More)
INTRODUCTION The GenoType®MTBDRplusV.2 assay is a molecular technique endorsed by the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organization that allows for the identification of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and the detection of mutations in the rpoβ gene for rifampicin resistance, and katG and inhA genes for isoniazid resistance. Due(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate BD MGITTM TBc® technique for identifying the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex using isolates obtained in liquid and solid media. METHODS A descriptive study was conducted in which 117 isolates were analyzed by the immune-chromatography technique obtained from solid and liquid cultures to identify the Mycobacterium tuberculosis(More)
INTRODUCTION One third of the increase in tuberculosis cases is attributed to the spread of HIV. In 2012, 1,397 HIV-associated tuberculosis cases were reported in Colombia, i.e., 11.8% of the total cases. Molecular epidemiology tools help to understand the transmission of tuberculosis. OBJECTIVE To characterize clinical isolates of Mycobacterium(More)
INTRODUCTION Tuberculosis is a health problem worldwide. The World Health Organization estimated 9.6 million new cases and 480,000 multirresistant cases for 2014. The assessment of resistance to quinolones and injectables was implemented only a few years ago, so its prevalence is not known. OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of resistance to amikacin,(More)
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