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Dendritic cells (DCs) are highly potent antigen-presenting cells crucial for the innate and adaptive immune response and for maintaining immune tolerance towards self-antigens. Although they share many common features, multiple DC subtypes with different immune functions have been identified. Originally, DCs were considered to be cells with purely myeloid(More)
Several studies have reported a positive relationship of the body fat mass and bone density. However, it is not clear whether adipocyte-derived signaling molecules directly act on osteoblasts or osteoclasts. Therefore, we investigated the effect of fat cell-secreted factors on the proliferation and differentiation of preosteoblasts and the molecular(More)
Visfatin is an independent association factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In order to evaluate the plasma visfatin levels and investigate whether plasma visfatin concentrations are altered by intensive glycemic control in patients with diabetes, we determined plasma visfatin concentrations and metabolic parameters in 53 newly diagnosed type 2(More)
CONTEXT Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is a common autoimmune disease leading to thyroid destruction due to lymphocytic infiltration. Only rare data are available regarding the recognition of specific cellular antigens, e.g. of thyroperoxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (Tg). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to quantify and characterize TPO- and(More)
The antitumor effect of IFN-alpha is mediated by the activation of CTLs, NK cells, and the generation of highly potent Ag-presenting dendritic cells (IFN-DCs). In this study, we show that IFN-DCs generated in vitro from monocytes express CD56 on their surface, a marker which has been thought to be specific for NK cells. FACS analyses of CD56(+) and CD56(-)(More)
Sepsis and septic shock are leading killers in the noncoronary intensive care unit, and they remain worldwide health concerns. The initial host defense against bacterial infections involves Toll-like receptors (TLRs), which detect and respond to microbial ligands. In addition, a coordinated response of the adrenal and immune systems is crucial for survival(More)
PURPOSE No relevant breakthrough has yet been achieved in the identification of tumor antigens in many neuroendocrine cancer types that exist, such as malignant gastrinoma, insulinoma, or medullary thyroid carcinoma. The aim of this study was to proof the concept of dendritic cell immunization with a tumor cell-specific polypeptide hormone as a target(More)
Tumor antigens are surface molecules that are mostly cancer specific, often overexpressed and recognized by the immune system. Therefore, identifying tumor antigens is of key importance for developing new immunotherapies for incurable cancers. For endocrine malignancies, several different tumor-associated antigens have been described, including polypeptide(More)
Septicemia is one of the major health concerns worldwide, and rapid activation of adrenal steroid release is a key event in the organism's first line of defense during this form of severe illness. The family of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) is critical in the early immune response upon bacterial infection, and TLR polymorphisms are frequent in humans. Here, we(More)
Lymphatic infiltration is a well known phenomenon in different tumors including endocrine malignancies. However, little is known about the role of antigen-presenting cells and T cell activation in this context. The aim of our study was to investigate the quantity and function of CD14+/CD56+ monocytes in tumor patients including endocrine malignancies.(More)