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The molecular mechanisms that enable yeast cells to detect and transmit cold signals and their physiological significance in the adaptive response to low temperatures are unknown. Here, we have demonstrated that the MAPK Hog1p is specifically activated in response to cold. Phosphorylation of Hog1p was dependent on Pbs2p, the MAPK kinase (MAPKK) of the high(More)
The use of trypsin to break proteins covalently linked to the yeast walls of Candida albicans released approx. 50% of the proteins, but also glucose and N-acetylglucosamine. Analysis by affinity chromatography indicated that glucose and/or N-acetylglucosamine formed part of the same supramolecular complexes with mannoproteins. These complexes would(More)
Transglutaminase activity, which forms the interpeptidic cross-link N(epsilon)-(gamma-glutamyl)-lysine, was demonstrated in cell-free extracts of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by incorporation of [(14)C]lysine into an exogenous acceptor, N,N'-dimethylcasein. Higher levels of the activity were present in the cell wall, which also contained endogenous acceptors.(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae presents two alternative vegetative forms of growth, switching between yeast forms to pseudohyphal forms depending on the specific environmental conditions. To identify genes involved in cell wall morphogenesis, a haploid S. cerevisiae monomorphic mutant, W27, which exhibits pseudohyphal growth in the absence of the normal external(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has a choline uptake system which is expressed in bacteria grown in the presence of succinate and ammonium chloride as the carbon and nitrogen source, respectively. This system obeys Michaelis-Menten kinetics with an apparent Km value of 53 microM; its activity is not inhibited by high osmolarities in the medium but is partially(More)
Torulaspora delbrueckii is a baker's yeast that is highly tolerant to freeze-thaw stress, making it suitable for frozen dough technology. The T. delbrueckii strain PYCC5321, isolated from traditional bread dough, combines this tolerance with a high degree of ionic and osmotic stress resistance. However, the industrial use of this strain for frozen and sweet(More)
The morphological organization of the structural components in the dog carotid wall is investigated by X-ray diffraction and microscopic analysis. Histological analysis confirms an anisotropic morphology of smooth muscle cells and elastic fibers in the tissue. Collagen fibers, as revealed by X-ray diffraction technique, are organized in an isotropic network(More)
Surgical ablations of telencephalon or telencephalon plus habenular nuclei (HBN) have been performed for studying anatomical connections of the telencephalo-habenulo-interpeduncular system of the goldfish. The results of the ultrastructural studies confirmed the presence of massive telencephalo-habenular and habenulo-interpeduncular projections and, in(More)