Claudia Ottardi

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This study aims to analyze the destabilization produced following a pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO), with a calibrated numerical model. A 30° resection was created on L3 and L4. Range of Motion (ROM) and the force acting on the vertebral body were calculated. Osteotomies consistently increased the ROMs. In the intact model, 87% of the compressive load(More)
Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) has a complication rate noticeably higher than other corrective surgical techniques used for the treatment of spinal sagittal imbalance. In particular, rod breakage and pseudoarthrosis remain burning issues of this technique. Goal of this study was to investigate the biomechanical performance of several hardware(More)
In decades of technical developments after the first surgical corrections of spinal deformities, the set of devices, techniques, and tools available to the surgeons has widened dramatically. Nevertheless, the rate of complications due to mechanical failure of the fixation or the instrumentation remains rather high. Indeed, basic and clinical research about(More)
BACKGROUND Vertebral compression fractures occur in the thoracolumbar junction, causing the collapse of the vertebral body. For their treatment, vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are used, but it is still unknown which technique is to be preferred. METHODS Finite element models of the thoracic spine were developed to evaluate the outcomes of vertebroplasty(More)
The investigation was based on finite-element simulations. Pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) is an effective but technical demanding surgical technique, associated with a high risk of rod failure. The present study aims at investigating the role of the anterior support in combination with PSO, with a numerical comparative analysis. An osteotomy was(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Preclinical evaluation of the mechanical reliability of fixation devices is a mandatory activity before their introduction into market. There are two standardized protocols for preclinical testing of spinal implants. The American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) recommends the F1717 standard, which describes a vertebrectomy condition(More)
The present study proposes a semiautomatic software approach to reconstruct 3D subject-specific musculoskeletal model of thoracolumbar spine from radiographic digitized images acquired with EOS system. The approach is applied to evaluate the intervertebral loads in 38 standing adolescents with mild idiopathic scoliosis. For each vertebra, a set of landmarks(More)
OBJECTIVE Lumbar arthrodesis is a common surgical technique that consists of the fixation of one or more motion segments with pedicle screws and rods. However, spinal surgery using these techniques is expensive and has a significant impact on the budgets of hospitals and Healthcare Systems. While reusable and disposable instruments for laparoscopic(More)
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