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CONTEXT The use of antipsychotic medication for the prevention of psychotic disorders is controversial. Long-chain omega-3 (omega-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may be beneficial in a range of psychiatric conditions, including schizophrenia. Given that omega-3 PUFAs are generally beneficial to health and without clinically relevant adverse effects,(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that fatty acid deficiencies or imbalances may contribute to childhood neurodevelopmental disorders. METHODS We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled 6-week pilot trial investigating the effects of 1.5 g/d of omega-3 fatty acids (.84 g/d eicosapentaenoic acid, .7 g/d docosahexaenoic acid)(More)
Problems in the perception of emotional material, in particular deficits in the recognition of negative stimuli, have been demonstrated in schizophrenia including in first-episode samples. However, it is largely unknown if emotion recognition impairment is present in people with subthreshold psychotic symptoms. Here, we examined the capacity to recognize(More)
BACKGROUND To date, no study has used standardised diagnostic assessment procedures to determine whether rates of perinatal depression vary across cultures. AIMS To adapt the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders (SCID) for assessing depression and other non-psychotic psychiatric illness perinatally and to pilot the instrument in different(More)
AIM The study aims to investigate affect recognition in young people at different stages of psychotic illness. METHODS Seventy-nine ultra-high risk patients, 30 first-episode schizophrenia patients and 30 healthy control subjects completed a facial affect labelling test and an affective prosody recognition test. Psychiatric symptoms were assessed using(More)
Long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential for neural development and function. As key components of brain tissue, omega-3 PUFAs play critical roles in brain development and function, and a lack of these fatty acids has been implicated in a number of mental health conditions over the lifespan, including schizophrenia. We have(More)
OBJECTIVE The utility of several self-report symptom inventories were examined for detecting postpartum depression (MDD) and anxiety disorders (AD). METHOD Fifty women (3 or 6 months postpartum), at heightened risk for MDD, completed several depression and anxiety symptom checklists. Psychiatric diagnoses were obtained via SCID interview. RESULTS Rates(More)
The results of a recent double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial performed in 81 young patients at ultra-high risk for psychosis indicated that a 12-week intervention of 1.2g/day of ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) significantly reduced the risk of transition to psychosis and improved positive, negative and general symptoms as well as(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the association between estrogen and spatial ability tasks in women suffering from schizophrenia. For this purpose, a placebo-controlled, double-blind, three-time cross-over study using 17beta-estradiol combined with norethisterone acetate for replacement therapy and as an adjunct to a naturalistic maintenance(More)