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Neurotrophins, acting through their high-affinity signal-transducing Trk receptors, are involved in the development, differentiation and maintenance of discrete neuron populations in the higher vertebrates. Furthermore, the presence of Trk receptors in some non-neuronal tissues, including the endocrine cells of the gut, could indicate an involvement of(More)
The occurrence and distribution of Trk proteins, which are the high-affinity signal-transducing receptors for neurotrophins, have been investigated in earthworms (Eisenia foetida) using polyclonal antibodies which map within their catalytic domain. Western-blot analysis identified major protein bands whose estimated molecular masses were consistent with(More)
The distribution of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-d neurons and their relationship with nitric oxide synthase (NOS), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), pituitary adenylate activating polypeptide (PACAP) and galanin (Gal) were examined in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of the pigeon Columbia livia. NADPH-d-histochemistry,(More)
Mammalian testis contains D-aspartic acid (D-Asp), which enhances testosterone production. D-Asp, on other hand, also stimulates 17β-estradiol synthesis in the ovary of some lower vertebrates. We studied boar testis in order to determine if D-Asp intervenes in 17β-estradiol synthesis in the testis of those mammals which produce significant amounts of(More)
 The distribution of neurons containing the enzymes NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has been studied in the gastrointestinal tract of lizard (Podarcis s. sicula) and snake (Thamnophis sirtalis). The techniques employed were the NADPH-d/nitroblue tetrazolium histochemical method, and the indirect immunofluorescence applied to(More)
D-aspartic acid (D-Asp), aromatase enzyme activity and the putative D-Asp involvement on aromatase induction have been studied in the testis of mature boars. The peroxidase-antiperoxidase and the indirect immunofluorescence methods, applied to cryostat and paraffin sections, were used to evaluate D-Asp and aromatase distributions. D-Asp level was dosed by(More)
The enzyme NADPH-diaphorase (NADPH-d; a marker of NO producing or nitrergic neurons) and the neuropeptide VIP have been detected in the nerve structures of the hen oviduct by histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques performed on cryostatic sections and whole mount preparations. In the upper four segments of the oviduct, i.e. the infundibulum,(More)
AIMS Selisistat, a selective SirT1 inhibitor is being developed as a potentially disease-modifying therapeutic for Huntington's disease (HD). This was the first study of selisistat in HD patients and was primarily aimed at development of pharmacodynamic biomarkers. METHODS This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicentre exploratory(More)