Claudia J. Martínez-Espinoza

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BACKGROUND One of the characteristics of urinary symptoms in women is their lack of specificity. Patients with stress incontinence or urgency, local irritation, infection, distal stenosis or a neoplastic process have very similar symptoms. OBJECTIVE Determine the frequency of bladder structural lesions detected by urethrocistoscopy in which we performed(More)
BACKGROUND The Interstitial Cystitis (IC) has been considered in the past an uncommon pathology, however it has received a special attention during the last 20 years, (1678 scientific articles published since 1984 to 2009). There are many therapeutic options not at all satisfactory because there isn't consensus about diagnostic and treatment. OBJECTIVE To(More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) is a spectrum of pelvic, bladder or urethral pain, as well as irritative voiding symptoms. The term interstitial cystitis (IC) is reserved for patients with typical cystoscopic features. Diagnosis and management of this syndrome may be difficult. The aim of this study was to describe(More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial cystitis is a disease of unknown origin; in the last twenty years several epidemiological studies reported an increase in frequency. OBJECTIVE To describe the symptoms, cystoscopic and histologic findings of 18 cases of interstitial cystitis. PATIENTS AND METHOD A descriptive, retrospective and analytical study of 331 women with(More)
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