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The tails of histone proteins are central players for all chromatin-mediated processes. Whereas the N-terminal histone tails have been studied extensively, little is known about the function of the H2A C-terminus. Here, we show that the H2A C-terminal tail plays a pivotal role in regulating chromatin structure and dynamics. We find that cells expressing(More)
The present prospective longitudinal study on chronic postoperative pain was conducted to assess the predictive power of attentional and emotional variables specifically assumed to augment pain, such as pain hypervigilance, pain-related anxiety, pain catastrophizing and attentional biases to pain. Their relevance was determined in comparison with other(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the predictive power of the processing of pain-related information, comprising concepts of hypervigilance to pain, pain catastrophizing, and pain-related anxiety (questionnaires) as well as attentional processes related to pain-related stimuli (dot-probe task) in explaining individual differences in experimental(More)
OBJECTIVES Pain hypervigilance--a strong attentional bias toward pain--is thought to accompany chronic pain and modulate pain management. Its usefulness as predisposing factor for the development and maintenance of pain has been discussed. The aim of our study was to demonstrate the predictive power of hypervigilance for the development of acute(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE It is known that maladaptive attentional and emotional mechanisms of pain processing - as indicated by constructs such as pain hypervigilance, pain-related anxiety and pain catastrophizing - play an important role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain conditions. However, little is known to date about the potential risk(More)
alpha-Amino acids can undergo peptide formation by activation with carbon monoxide (CO) under hot aqueous conditions in the presence of freshly coprecipitated colloidal (Fe,Ni)S. We now show that CO-driven peptide formation proceeds concomitantly with CO-driven, N-terminal peptide degradation by racemizing N-terminal hydantoin and urea derivatives to(More)
To test the theory of a chemoautotrophic origin of life in a volcanic, hydrothermal setting, we explored mechanisms for the buildup of bio-organic compounds by carbon fixation on catalytic transition metal precipitates. We report the carbon monoxide-dependent formation of carbon-fixation products, including an ordered series of alpha-hydroxy and alpha-amino(More)
In addition to the classical phenotype, Staphylococcus aureus may exhibit the small colony-variant (SCV) phenotype, which has been associated with chronic, persistent and/or relapsing infections. SCVs are characterized by common phenotypic features such as slow growth, altered susceptibility to antibiotic agents and pathogenic traits based on increased(More)
The arginine-ornithine antiporter (ArcD) is part of the Arginine Deiminase System (ADS), a catabolic, energy-providing pathway found in a variety of different bacterial species, including the porcine zoonotic pathogen Streptococcus suis. The ADS has recently been shown to play a role in the pathogenicity of S. suis, in particular in its survival in host(More)
The knowledge of metabolic pathways and fluxes is important to understand the adaptation of organisms to their biotic and abiotic environment. The specific distribution of stable isotope labelled precursors into metabolic products can be taken as fingerprints of the metabolic events and dynamics through the metabolic networks. An open-source software is(More)