Claudia H. Tam

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OBJECTIVE Recent genome-wide association studies have identified multiple novel loci associated with obesity in Europeans. We hypothesized that these genetic variants may be associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Chinese. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We examined 14 associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms at 12 loci (NEGR1, SEC16B, TMEM18,(More)
OBJECTIVE Variations at a large linkage disequilibrium (LD) block of transcription factor 7-like 2 gene (TCF7L2) were reported to be associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Icelandic, Danish and European-American populations and further replicated in other populations of European, African, and Asian ancestries. However, data for Chinese and comprehensive(More)
BACKGROUND Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) identified more than 70 novel loci for type 2 diabetes (T2D), some of which have been widely replicated in Asian populations. In this study, we investigated their individual and combined effects on T2D in a Chinese population. METHODOLOGY We selected 14 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in T2D(More)
AIMS We examined the risk association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in eleven candidate genes with type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D-associated polymorphisms were also examined for prediction of incident CHD. METHODS 113 tagging SNPs were genotyped in stage 1 (467 T2D cases, 290 controls), and 15 SNPs were analyzed in the final cohort (1462 T2D(More)
The genetic architecture of common traits, including the number, frequency, and effect sizes of inherited variants that contribute to individual risk, has been long debated. Genome-wide association studies have identified scores of common variants associated with type 2 diabetes, but in aggregate, these explain only a fraction of the heritability of this(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies identified melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B), islet-specific glucose 6 phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein (G6PC2), glucokinase (GCK) and glucokinase regulatory protein (GCKR) as candidate genes for type 2 diabetes (T2D) acting through elevated fasting plasma glucose (FPG). We examined the associations of the reported(More)
CONTEXT Protein kinase C-beta (PKC-beta) is a cell-signaling intermediate implicated in development of diabetic complications. OBJECTIVE To examine the risk association of PKC-beta 1 gene (PRKCB1) polymorphisms and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in an 8-year prospective cohort of Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS(More)
Erectile dysfunction (ED) is not uncommon, but frequently underdiagnosed in type 2 diabetic men. In this study, we aimed to explore the frequency and severity of ED in Chinese type 2 diabetic men using a structured questionnaire. We furthermore sought to investigate the associations of ED with diabetes-related complications and metabolic indices. A(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the genetic effect of the GH receptor (GHR) on obesity and related metabolic parameters in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents. CONTEXT Obesity is a growing global epidemic. Increasing evidence suggests that the GH-IGF-I axis plays an important role in regulating adiposity and insulin sensitivity. DESIGN We examined the associations of(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of cancer. This study aimed to evaluate associations between recently reported type 2 diabetes (T2D) susceptibility genetic variants and cancer risk in a prospective cohort of Chinese patients with T2D. METHODS Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in IGF2BP2, CDKAL1, SLC30A8, CDKN2A/B, HHEX(More)