Claudia Ghidini

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The lack of adenosine deaminase (ADA) leads to the accumulation of toxic metabolites, resulting in SCID. If the disease is left untreated, it is likely to have a fatal outcome in early infancy. Because hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and enzyme replacement therapy with pegylated bovine ADA (PEG-ADA) are both provided in our hospital, we(More)
To determine the role of interferon-alpha in controlling HIV infection we phenotypically and functionally analyzed circulating plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC), which are known to be the highest interferon-alpha producing cells, in 33 perinatally infected HIV+ patients undergoing standard antiretroviral therapy. Circulating pDC were identified by flow(More)
A major problem in the field of stem cell transplantation is the difficulty to monitor the efficacy of immune reconstitution. By modifying the widely used method of measuring T-cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) and the recently proposed kappa-deleting recombination excision circles (KRECs) assay, we set up a duplex Real-Time PCR that allowed the(More)
This study aimed to compare fasting and postprandial gastrointestinal motor patterns in patients with ulcer and non-ulcer dyspepsia. Forty five subjects were studied: 10 with uncomplicated gastric ulcer, eight with uncomplicated duodenal ulcer, 18 with chronic idiopathic dyspepsia, and nine healthy asymptomatic controls. Gastrointestinal fasting and(More)
Reduced CD4+ lymphocytes have been recently found in peripheral blood of children with active opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. The authors identified 2 children who recovered from this syndrome, one of whom showed reduced CD4+ lymphocytes 2 years after the disease onset. Except for a decrease of "naive" CD45RA+ CD4+ population and a mild restriction of T-cell(More)
A 43-year-old man with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction is presented. He had undergone two laparotomies in an attempt to eliminate the cause of repeated episodes suggestive of obstruction. Gastrointestinal manometry showed severe abnormalities compatible with the diagnosis of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Laboratory tests indicated the(More)
OBJECTIVE .To examine whether myxovirus-resistance protein A (MxA) mRNA expression, commonly considered a reliable marker of Type I interferon (IFN) bioactivity, is modified in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc); if it is associated to specific clinical features; and if its modulation is accompanied by modulation of mRNA for the Type I IFN receptor(More)
The immune defects occurring in chronic lymphocytic leukemia are responsible for the frequent occurrence of infections and autoimmune phenomena, and may be involved in the initiation and maintenance of the malignant clone. Here, we evaluated the quantitative defects of newly produced B and T lymphocytes. The output of B and T lymphocytes from the production(More)
BACKGROUND One of the major concern for high-dose chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for HIV-associated lymphoma is that posttransplant immunosuppression might worsen immune defects of HIV individuals. Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy has made HSCT possible also in these patients, we analyzed(More)
Interferon-beta receptor (IFNAR) is composed of 2 subunits, IFNAR1 and IFNAR2, the latter of which is expressed as functional (IFNAR2.2), non-functional (IFNAR2.1) and soluble (IFNAR2.3) isoform. Real-Time PCR analysis of mRNA for all IFNAR components in multiple sclerosis patients naïve for therapy and undergoing long-term treatment with interferon-beta(More)