Claudia Geraldine León-Ramírez

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One of the most important physicochemical factors that affect cell growth and development is pH, and living organisms have developed specific mechanisms to adapt to media with variable pH values. Most fungi posses a specific mechanism for such adaptation: the Pal/Rim pathway. To analyze the different metabolic processes regulated by this pathway, and its(More)
Common bean Phaseolus vulgaris L. has been shown to be a recalcitrant plant to induce somatic embryogenesis (SE) under in vitro conditions. We used an alternative strategy to induce SE in common bean based upon the use of a cytokinin (BAP) coupled with osmotic stress adaptation instead of SE response that is induced by auxins. Explants derived from zygotic(More)
The use of transgenic plants as new antigen-delivery systems for subunit vaccines has been increasingly explored. We herein report progress toward a papaya-based vaccine against cysticercosis. Synthetic peptides (KETc1, KETc12, KETc7) were successfully expressed in 19 different transgenic papaya clones and found to be immunogenic. Complete protection(More)
A gene encoding a sixth chitin synthase (Umchs6, sequence GenBank accession No. ) from the plant pathogenic hemibasidiomycete Ustilago maydis (DC.) Cda. was isolated and characterized. The predicted protein is 1103 amino acids in length with a calculated molecular mass of 123.5 kDa. a2b2 null mutants were obtained by substitution of a central fragment of(More)
Acid pH induces the yeast-to-mycelium transition in haploid cells of Ustilago maydis. We tested two signal transduction pathways known to be involved in dimorphism for roles in acid-induced filamentation. In wild-type cells intracellular cAMP levels were reduced under acid growth. A mutant defective in the regulatory subunit of PKA, ubc1, failed to respond(More)
A study of the proteins involved in the synthesis and structure of the cell wall of Ustilago maydis was made by in silico analysis of the fungal genome, with reference to supporting experimental evidence. The composition of the cell wall of U. maydis shows similarities with the structural composition of the walls of Ascomycetes, but also shows important(More)
Ustilago maydis (DC) Cda., a phytopathogenic Basidiomycota, is the causal agent of corn smut. During its life cycle U. maydis alternates between a yeast-like, haploid nonpathogenic stage, and a filamentous, dikaryotic pathogenic form that invades the plant and induces tumor formation. As all the members of the Subphylum Ustilaginomycotina, U. maydis is(More)
PCR was used to amplify fragments corresponding to CHS genes from Ustilago maydis, utilizing as primers oligonucleotides devised according to the conserved regions of fungal CHS genes. The PCR product was employed as a probe to screen a genomic library of the fungus. Two different CHS genes (Umchs1 and Umchs2) were thus identified in the positive clones(More)
Polyamines are essential metabolites present in all living organisms, and this subject has attracted the attention of researchers worldwide interested in defining their mode of action in the variable cell functions in which they are involved, from growth to development and differentiation. Although the mechanism of polyamine synthesis is almost universal,(More)
We observed that the maize pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis grew in nitrogen (N)-free media at a rate similar to that observed in media containing ammonium nitrate, suggesting that it was able to fix atmospheric N2 . Because only prokaryotic organisms have the capacity to reduce N2 , we entertained the possibility that U. maydis was associated with an(More)