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DNAs coding for seven murine connexins (Cx) (Cx26, Cx31, Cx32, Cx37, Cx40, Cx43, and Cx45) are functionally expressed in human HeLa cells that were deficient in gap junctional communication. We compare the permeabilities of gap junctions comprised of different connexins to iontophoretically injected tracer molecules. Our results show that Lucifer yellow can(More)
A clone of human HeLa cells stably transfected with mouse connexin40 DNA was used to examine gap junctions. Two separate cells were brought into physical contact with each other ("induced cell pair") to allow insertion of gap junction channels and, hence, formation of a gap junction. The intercellular current flow was measured with a dual voltage-clamp(More)
Human HeLa cells transfected with mouse DNA coding for connexin26 (Cx26) or connexin32 (Cx32) were used to examine the properties of heterotypic Cx26-Cx32 gap junction channels. Intercellular current flow was examined in induced cell pairs by means of the dual voltage-clamp method. We found that Cx26-Cx32 channels exhibit voltage-dependent conductances,(More)
Antibodies to the gap junction protein connexin45 (Cx45) were obtained by immunizing rabbits with fusion protein consisting of glutathione S-transferase and 138 carboxy-terminal amino acids of mouse Cx45. As shown by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence, the affinity-purified antibodies recognized Cx45 protein in transfected human HeLa cells as well as in(More)
Human HeLa or SkHep1 cells, defective in intercellular communication through gap junctions, were transfected with coding sequences of murine connexin40 (Cx40) and -43. The transfected cells were restored in gap junctional coupling as shown by 100-fold increased electrical conductance. When studied by the double whole-cell patch-clamp technique, Cx40 HeLa(More)
In order to examine whether different connexin gene species exert different degrees of tumor-suppressing activity, we characterized growth characteristics of a gap junction-deficient human cancer cell line, HeLa cells, before and after transfection with cDNA for three different connexins, connexin (cx) 26, cx 40, and cx 43. All transfected cell lines (3(More)
Various proteins with different biological activities have been observed to be translocated from the nucleus to the cytoplasm in an energy- and signal-dependent manner in eukaryotic cells. This nuclear export is directed by nuclear export signals (NESs), typically characterized by hydrophobic, primarily leucine, amino acid residues. Moreover, it has been(More)
The expression of five different members of the gap junction multigene family, connexin (Cx)45, -43, -40, -31, and -26 was investigated in embryonic and adult mouse skin. For this purpose, polyclonal antibodies to Cx31 and Cx45 were raised by immunizing rabbits with fusion proteins of glutathione S-transferase and carboxy-terminal peptides including 65(More)
Gap junctions provide direct intercellular communication by linking adjacent cells with aqueous pores permeable to molecules up to 1 kDa in molecular mass and 8-14 A in diameter. The identification of over a dozen connexins in the mammalian gap junction family has stimulated interest in the functional significance of this diversity, including the(More)
Pairs of human HeLa cells expressing rat connexin46 were used to study the electrical properties of gap junction channels with the dual voltage-clamp method. The steady-state conductance ( g(j,ss)) had a bell-shaped dependence on transjunctional voltage ( V(j)). The parameters of the Boltzmann fit were: V(j,0)=42 mV, g(j,min)=0.12, z=2.5 (pipette solution:(More)