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AIM/HYPOTHESIS Dietary polyphenols and long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCn3) are associated with lower cardiovascular risk. This may relate to their influence on glucose metabolism and diabetes risk. We evaluated the effects of diets naturally rich in polyphenols and/or LCn3 of marine origin on glucose metabolism in people at high(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether two dietary approaches recommended for diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular prevention-high-MUFA or complex carbohydrates/fiber-differently influence inflammation. A 4-week crossover study in 12 individuals with type 2 diabetes was performed. Fasting and postprandial hs-CRP plasma levels were not significantly(More)
We investigated postprandial plasma and adipose tissue (AT) adiponectin changes in relation to obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Fasting and 6 hours after a standard fat-rich meal blood samples (adiponectin, glucose, insulin, lipids) and needle biopsies of abdominal subcutaneous AT (adiponectin messenger RNA, lipoprotein lipase activity) were taken in(More)
Animal studies have already shown the possibility to modulate insulin action by changing not only the amount of total fat, but also the type of fat. In these studies, saturated fat significantly increased insulin resistance, long- and short-chain omega(3) fatty acids significantly improved it, whereas the effects of monounsaturated and omega(6)(More)
BACKGROUND Fatty liver is commonly associated with insulin-resistant conditions, often related to increased abdominal visceral fat. Our objective was to elucidate the specific roles of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin-resistance and abdominal fat distribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study population comprised 13 diabetic obese (DO), 10(More)
OBJECTIVE To search for a better dietary approach to treat postprandial lipid abnormalities and improve glucose control in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS According to a randomized crossover design, 18 type 2 diabetic patients (aged 59 +/- 5 years; BMI 27 +/- 3 kg/m(2)) (means +/- SD) in satisfactory blood glucose control on diet or(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate exogenous and endogenous lipoprotein responses to a standard fat-rich meal in type 2 diabetic patients with optimal fasting triglyceridemia and optimal blood glucose control. Seven type 2 diabetic patients and five nondiabetic controls (age, 49 +/- 7 and 48 +/- 4 yr; body mass index, 28.3 +/- 3.6 and 25.1 +/- 3.6(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of insulin resistance in development of postprandial dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetic patients in an experimental setting in which these patients were compared with nondiabetic subjects at similar glucose and insulin blood levels. METHODS AND RESULTS Eight type 2 diabetic patients in optimal blood glucose control and 7(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Postprandial lipoprotein abnormalities in type 2 diabetes are associated with insulin resistance. The role of other diabetes-related factors is still not clear. The aim of this study is to differentiate the effects of whole-body insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes on postprandial dyslipidaemia and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) in(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of different dietary fatty acids on postprandial lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic patients are still debated. AIM To evaluate the effects of monounsaturated (MUFA) vs. saturated fat (SAFA)-rich diets on postprandial lipemia and adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL), and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) in type 2 diabetes. (More)