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The aim of the present work was to find out whether NPY synthesized in human adrenal chromaffin cells controls in an autocrine/paracrine fashion the release of catecholamines by these cells. Accordingly, the constitutive and regulated release of both NPY and catecholamines was measured simultaneously in cultured human chromaffin cells. In addition, by using(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a 36-amino-acid peptide that exhibits a large number of physiological activities in the central and peripheral nervous systems. NPY mediates its effects through the activation of six G-protein-coupled receptor subtypes named Y(1), Y(2), Y(3), Y(4), Y(5), and y(6). Evidence suggests that NPY is involved in the pathophysiology of(More)
The neuroprotective effect of neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor activation was investigated in organotypic mouse hippocampal slice cultures exposed to the glutamate receptor agonist alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA). Exposure of 2-week-old slice cultures, derived from 7-day-old C57BL/6 mice, to 8 microm AMPA, for 24 h, induced(More)
Since NPY increases endothelial cell (EC) stickiness for leukocytes, we studied the effects of LPS, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma on its expression and action in HUVEC. Cytokines raised NPY and pro-NPY intracellular content and dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) activity. Y1 and Y2 receptors were expressed in basal conditions, and LPS, TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma(More)
To investigate the signals governing routing of biologically active peptides to the regulated secretory pathway, we have expressed mutated and non-mutated proneuropeptide Y (ProNPY) in pituitary-derived AtT20 cells. The mutations were carried out on dibasic cleavage site and or ProNPY C-terminal sequence. Targeting to the regulated secretory pathway was(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a sympathetic neurotransmitter co-stored and co-released with noradrenaline and adrenaline. We have constructed a novel NPY transgenic mouse model (OE-NPY(DBH) mouse) where targeted overexpression results in increased levels of NPY in the brainstem and adrenal glands. The present study was aimed to understand the(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) produced by arcuate nucleus (ARC) neurons has a strong orexigenic effect on target neurons. Hypothalamic NPY levels undergo wide-ranging oscillations during the circadian cycle and in response to fasting and peripheral hormones (from 0.25 to 10-fold change). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of a moderate long-term(More)
The aim of the present work was to study the effect of angiotensin II (Ang II) on catecholamines and neuropeptide Y (NPY) release in primary cultures of human adrenal chromaffin cells. Ang II stimulates norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (EP) and NPY release from perifused chromaffin cells by 3-, 2- and 12-fold, respectively. The NPY release is more sustained(More)
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