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By watching each other's lower oscillating leg, 2 seated Ss kept a common tempo and a particular phase relation of either 0 degrees (symmetric mode) or 180 degrees (alternate mode). This study investigated the differential stability of the 2 phase modes. In Experiment 1, in which Ss were instructed to remain in the initial phase mode, the alternate phase(More)
The haptic perceptual sybsystem of dynamic touch is prominent in manipulating and transporting objects, providing a nonvisible awareness of their linear dimensions. The hypothesis that perceptions of object width and height by dynamic touch are different functions of the inertia tensor is addressed. In two experiments heights and widths of nonvisible(More)
Muscle spindles and Golgi tendon organs constitute the receptor foundation to the "muscle sense." Muscle sensitivity has long been assumed relevant to the non-visual perception of the positions and motions of the body's segments and of the properties of hand-held objects. Dynamic touch is the label given to the particular kind of tactile exteroperception(More)
The physical basis of perceived heaviness requires consideration of the haptic perceptual system's role in controlling actions (the system's proper function) and the relation of an object's inertial properties to properties of the human movement system (the object's affordance). We show that the mass of a wielded object and particular scalar variables(More)
Spatial perception by dynamic touch is a well-documented capability of the hand and arm. Morphological and physiological characteristics of the foot and leg suggest that such a capability may not generalize to that putatively less dexterous limb. The authors examined length perception by dynamic touch in a task in which weighted aluminum rods were grasped(More)
The time derivative (tau) of the inverse of the relative rate of optical expansion (tau) may have critical values with potential implications for controlling activity. The present research addresses the particular hypothesis that tau < -0.5 specifies "unsafe" collision courses and tau > or = -0.5 specifies "safe" collision courses. Optical expansion(More)
Research on dynamic touch has shown that when a rod strapped to the shoulders is wielded via axial rotations, flexions-extensions, and lateral bending of the trunk, participants can selectively perceive whole rod length and partial rod length (e.g., a leftward segment) with precision comparable to wielding by hand (Palatinus, Carello & Turvey, 2011). The(More)
Perceiving the length of a rod by dynamic touch is tied to the inertia tensor Iij, a quantification of its resistance to rotational acceleration. Perception of the portion extending in front of the grasp has previously been ascribed to decomposing one component of Iij by attention. The tensorial nature of dynamic touch suggests that this ability must be(More)
In the most general case, haptic perception of an object's heaviness is most likely the perception of the object's resistance to movement, determined jointly by the object's mass and mass distribution. In two experiments with occluded objects wielded freely in three dimensions, we showed additive effects on perceived heaviness of mass and the inertia(More)
When a rod is grasped at a place intermediate between its ends, the nonvisible perception of length by wielding can be directed to either side of the hand. The selective perception of the lengths of rod segments relative to the hand is hypothesized to depend jointly on the rod's inertia tensor about a fixed rotation point and on the 2-valued attitude spinor(More)