Claudia C.S. Chini

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The enzyme sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) is a critical regulator of many cellular functions, including energy metabolism. However, the precise mechanisms that modulate SIRT1 activity remain unknown. As SIRT1 activity in vitro was recently found to be negatively regulated by interaction with the deleted in breast cancer-1 (DBC1) protein, we set out to investigate(More)
The NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 is a key regulator of several aspects of metabolism and aging. SIRT1 activation is beneficial for several human diseases, including metabolic syndrome, diabetes, obesity, liver steatosis, and Alzheimer disease. We have recently shown that the protein deleted in breast cancer 1 (DBC1) is a key regulator of SIRT1(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that the interdomain B regions of ZAP-70 and Syk play pivotal roles in the coupling of T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) stimulation to the activation of downstream signaling pathways. The interdomain B region of ZAP-70 contains at least three candidate sites of tyrosine phosphorylation. In this report, we identify Tyr319 as a(More)
In the present study, we have determined the role of the enzyme CD38 upon the synthesis of the Ca(2+)-releasing nucleotide nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP). In rat tissues, we observed that the capacity for NAADP synthesis could be co-immunoprecipitated with CD38 using an anti-CD38 antibody. Furthermore, we observed that several tissues(More)
Claspin is a checkpoint protein involved in ATR (ataxia telangiectasia mutated- and Rad3-related)-dependent Chk1 activation in Xenopus and human cells. In Xenopus, Claspin interacts with Chk1 after DNA damage through a region containing two highly conserved repeats, which becomes phosphorylated during the checkpoint response. Because this region is also(More)
Some major pathobiologic processes in renal mesangial cells, elicited in response to immunoinflammatory stimuli, are modulated via cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathways; namely, generation of reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM) and accelerated proliferation of mesangial cells. We investigated the role of cAMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) isozymes in these(More)
Activation of cAMP signaling pathway was shown to inhibit some pathobiologic processes in mesangial cells (MC). We investigated whether adrenomedullin (ADM), a potent agonist of adenylate cyclase, is synthesized in MC and whether it can, via cAMP, suppress the generation of reactive oxygen metabolites (ROM) and proliferation of cells in glomeruli. With the(More)
2B4 is a member of the SLAM receptor family capable of activating NK cell cytotoxicity in the context of EBV infection. SAP (SLAM Associated Protein) deficiency causes defective signaling downstream of SLAM family receptors and high susceptibility to EBV. 2B4 costimulates natural cytotoxicity receptor (NCR) and TCR initiated signals to induce cellular(More)
We studied interactions between the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway and cAMP-protein kinase (PKA) signaling pathway in regulation of mitogenesis of mesangial cells (MC) determined by [3H]thymidine incorporation, with or without added EGF. Forskolin or dibutyryl cAMP strongly (by 60-70%) inhibited [3H]thymidine incorporation into(More)
HDAC3 is a member of the class I histone deacetylase family that regulates gene expression by deacetylation of histones and non-histone proteins. HDAC3 activity has been shown to be modulated by interaction with the co-repressors NCoR and SMRT. Here, we present evidence that the nuclear protein DBC1 is an endogenous inhibitor of HDAC3. DBC1 has been(More)