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BACKGROUND The prosthesis used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) can be too small in relation to body size, thus causing valve prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and abnormally high transvalvular pressure gradients. This study examined if there is a relation between PPM and short-term mortality after operation. METHODS AND RESULTS The indexed valve(More)
The purpose of the present review is to describe the place of endogenous kinins, mainly bradykinin (BK) and des-Arg(9)-BK in the kallikrein-kininogen-kinin system, to review and compare the different analytical methods reported for the assessment of endogenous kinins, to explain the difficulties and the pitfalls for their quantifications in biologic samples(More)
The purpose of this study was to verify the possible appearance in the blood of bradykinin (BK) and des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (des-Arg(9)-BK) after eccentric exercise in 13 male subjects. Eccentric exercise (5 x 10 leg presses at 120% maximal voluntary concentric contraction) resulted in muscle damage and inflammation, as suggested by the significant increase(More)
The respective role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) in the degradation of bradykinin (BK) has been studied in the infarcted and hypertrophied rat heart. Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in rats by left descendant coronary artery ligature. Animals were killed, and hearts were sampled 1, 4, and 35 days(More)
In the serum of 116 healthy individuals, exogenous bradykinin (BK) half-life (27 +/- 10 s) was lower than that of des-Arg(9)-BK (643 +/- 436 s) and was statistically different in men compared with women. The potentiating effect of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor was, however, more extensive for BK (9.0-fold) than for des-Arg(9)-BK (2.2-(More)
The role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in the metabolism of bradykinin (BK) has been studied in several tissues. However, and contrary to angiotensin I, the metabolism of BK at the cardiac level has not been investigated. In this study, we define the participation of ACE in the carboxy-terminal degradation of BK in heart membranes of the dog,(More)
BACKGROUND The plasma kallikrein-kinin (K-K) system is activated in acute and chronic relapsing intestinal inflammation induced in Lewis rats by intramural injection of exogenous bacterial components. AIMS To determine whether this effect is model specific, K-K system activation was investigated in a modified indomethacin induced enterocolitis model, as(More)
Because part of the cardioprotective effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors results from their protective effects on cardiac bradykinin (BK) metabolism, the purpose of this study was to define the metabolism of BK in normal and failing human hearts and to compare the effect of omapatrilat, a vasopeptidase inhibitor (VPI), which(More)
A deletion allele of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene has been associated with increased serum ACE activity, enhanced conversion of angiotensin (Ang) I to Ang II, and cardiovascular morbidity. This study tested the hypothesis that the ACE deletion allele is also associated with enhanced degradation of bradykinin, a vasoprotective peptide.(More)