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Until recently, relaxin (RLX) has been known predominantly for its effects on the reproductive system, where it induces remodelling of the extracellular matrix and up-regulation of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs). In solid cancers, tissue remodelling and MMP activation are essential for invasion and metastasis. We therefore investigated the effect of RLX on(More)
The prognostic value of various molecular markers, which adequately account for the tumor biology and disease behaviour of ovarian cancer, is still unclear. Recent studies have focused on the role of genes regulating the balance between proliferation and cellular suicide, apoptosis. In the present study, tumor tissue from 215 patients with ovarian cancer(More)
A role of WNT signaling for primary breast cancers of the basal-like subtype and as a predictor of brain metastasis has been described. However, a responsible WNT ligand has not been identified. To further clarify this question, we comparatively investigated 22 human breast cancer brain metastases as well as the highly invasive human breast cancer cell line(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated plasma concentrations of the C-reactive protein (CRP) are frequently found in patients with malignant diseases. Discrimination between infection and noninfectious acute-phase reactions is essential for therapeutic decisions. METHODS Because increased procalcitonin (PCT) concentrations have been described predominantly in patients with(More)
Tumor cells secrete not only a variety of soluble factors, but also extracellular vesicles that are known to support the establishment of a favorable tumor niche by influencing the surrounding stroma cells. Here we show that tumor-derived microvesicles (T-MV) also directly influence the tumor cells by enhancing their invasion in a both autologous and(More)
The mononuclear phagocytic system is categorized in three major groups: monocyte-derived cells (MCs), dendritic cells and resident macrophages. During breast cancer progression the colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) can reprogram MCs into tumor-promoting macrophages in the primary tumor. However, the effect of CSF-1 during colonization of the brain(More)
Interactions between neoplastic and stromal cells contribute to tumor progression. Wnt genes, involved in cell migration and often deregulated in cancers, are attractive candidates to regulate these effects. We have recently shown that coculture of breast cancer cells with macrophages enhances invasiveness via matrix metalloproteases and TNF-alpha. Here we(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages may influence tumor progression, angiogenesis and invasion. To investigate mechanisms by which macrophages interact with tumor cells, we developed an in vitro coculture model. Previously we reported that coculture enhanced invasiveness of the tumor cells in a TNF-alpha- and matrix metalloprotease-dependent manner. In this(More)
Apart from the neoplastic cells, malignant tumours consist of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and normal cells, in particular tumour-associated macrophages (TAM). To understand the mechanisms by which TAM can influence tumour cell invasion we co-cultured the human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, SK-BR-3 and the benign mammary epithelial cell line hTERT-HME1(More)
To evaluate the molecular and functional characteristics of upregulated glucose uptake in malignant cells, the expression of four glucose transporter (Glut) isoforms as well as glucose transport were determined in benign and malignant cell lines and tissues. In vivo distribution of Glut proteins was examined by immunocytochemistry in 30 breast cancer(More)