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During off-line consolidation a motor skill becomes less vulnerable to interference (stabilisation) and improves in performance (enhancement). Here we examined whether off-line consolidation contributes to the process of generalisation in the extrinsic and intrinsic coordinate frame in the motor domain. Participants trained with the left hand a sequential(More)
Survival probability is predicted to underlie the evolution of life histories along a slow-fast continuum. Hibernation allows a diverse range of small mammals to exhibit seasonal dormancy, which might increase survival and consequently be associated with relatively slow life histories. We used phylogenetically informed GLS models to test for an effect of(More)
Understanding how local environmental factors lead to temporal variability of vital rates and to plasticity of life history tactics is one of the central questions in population ecology. We used long-term captureÁrecapture data from five populations of a small hibernating rodent, the edible dormouse Glis glis, collected over a large geographical range(More)
The edible dormouse is a specialized seed predator which is highly adapted to the fluctuations of food availability caused by mast seeding of beech and oak trees. Dormice produce young just in time with maximum food availability, and can completely skip reproduction in years with a lack of seeding. Because their decision to reproduce or not in any(More)
The timing of reproduction is one of the most crucial life history traits, with enormous consequences for the fitness of an individual. We investigated the effects of season and timing of birth on local survival probability in a small mammalian hibernator, the common dormouse (Muscardinus avellanarius). Local monthly survival probability was lowest in the(More)
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1) inhibits several proteinases including a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10), a major alpha-secretase that cleaves the beta-amyloid precursor protein within its amyloidogenic Abeta domain. The gene encoding TIMP-1 (TIMP 1) maps to the short arm of the X chromosome, in a region previously suggested(More)
Edible dormice are arboreal rodents adapted to yearly fluctuations in seed production of European beech, a major food source for this species. In years of low beech seed abundance, dormice skip reproduction and non-reproductive dormice fed ad libitum in captivity can display summer dormancy in addition to winter hibernation. To test whether summer dormancy,(More)
Climate change is known to affect ecosystems globally, but our knowledge of its impact on large and widespread mammals, and possibly population-specific responses is still sparse. We investigated large-scale and long-term effects of climate change on local population dynamics using the wild boar (Sus scrofa L.) as a model species. Our results show that(More)
The ability of preoperative total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) to reduce the need for chronic immunosuppression after cadaveric renal transplantation was examined in 25 recipients who were given a brief course of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) postoperatively with daily low-dose prednisone (0.1-0.2 mg/kg) as the sole maintenance immunosuppressive drug. Patients(More)
Juvenile hibernators have to allocate energy to both growth and fattening, to survive winter, and to avoid possible disadvantages during their first reproductive season. Being born late in the active season may have important effects on growth and fattening. This study aimed at determining potential differences in rates and maximal level of growth, and in(More)