Claudia Alicia Studdert

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A serine protease secreted by the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natrialba magadii at the end of the exponential growth phase was isolated. This enzyme was purified 83 fold with a total yield of 25% by ethanol precipitation, affinity chromatography, and gel filtration. The native molecular mass of the enzyme determined by gel filtration was 45 kDa. Na. magadii(More)
Chemoreceptors of the methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein family form clusters, typically at the cell pole(s), in both Bacteria and Archaea. To elucidate the architecture and signaling role of receptor clusters, we investigated interactions between the serine (Tsr) and aspartate (Tar) chemoreceptors in Escherichia coli by constructing Tsr mutations at the(More)
The team signaling model for bacterial chemoreceptors proposes that receptor dimers of different detection specificities form mixed trimers of dimers. These receptor "squads" then recruit the cytoplasmic signaling proteins CheA and CheW to form ternary signaling teams, which typically cluster at the poles of the cell. We devised cysteine-directed in vivo(More)
The team signaling model for bacterial chemoreceptors proposes that receptor dimers of different detection specificities form mixed trimers of dimers that bind the cytoplasmic proteins CheA and CheW to form ternary signaling complexes clustered at the cell poles. We used a trifunctional crosslinking reagent targeted to cysteine residues in the aspartate(More)
A serine protease was purified from Natronococcus occultus stationary phase culture medium (328-fold, yield 19%) and characterized at the biochemical level. The enzyme has a native molecular mass of 130 kDa, has chymotrypsin-like activity, is stable and active in a broad pH range (5.5-12), is rather thermophilic (optimal activity at 60 degrees C in 1-2 M(More)
During chemotactic signalling by Escherichia coli, the small cytoplasmic CheW protein couples the histidine kinase CheA to chemoreceptor control. Although essential for assembly and operation of receptor signalling complexes, CheW in stoichiometric excess disrupts chemotactic behaviour. To explore the mechanism of the CheW excess effect, we measured the(More)
Motile bacteria seek optimal living habitats by following gradients of attractant and repellent chemicals in their environment. The signaling machinery for these chemotactic behaviors, although assembled from just a few protein components, has extraordinary information-processing capabilities. Escherichia coli, the best-studied model, employs a networked(More)
Extracellular proteolytic activity was detected in the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natronococcus occultus as the culture reached the stationary growth phase. Proteolytic activity was precipitated with ethanol and subjected to a preliminary characterization. Optimal conditions for activity were attained at 60° C and 1–2 M NaCl or KCl. Gelatin zymography in the(More)
Chemical signals sensed on the periplasmic side of bacterial cells by transmembrane chemoreceptors are transmitted to the flagellar motors via the histidine kinase CheA, which controls the phosphorylation level of the effector protein CheY. Chemoreceptor arrays comprise remarkably stable supramolecular structures in which thousands of chemoreceptors are(More)
In this report we describe the isolation of a strain from soil contaminated with gas oil by taking bacteria from a chemotactic ring on gas oil-containing soft agar plates. Partial 16 S rDNA sequencing of the isolated strain showed 99.1% identity with Flavimonas oryzihabitans. It was not only able to degrade different aliphatic hydrocarbons but it was also(More)