Claudia Alia

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Cryptococcus neoformans var. gattii is associated with Eucalyptus trees growing in various tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The identification of 13 autochthonous strains of C. neoformans var. gattii in Spain is reported. These strains were isolated from lung (10 samples), liver (1 sample), and brain (2 samples) tissue specimens from six goats(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Kinematic analysis of reaching movements is increasingly used to evaluate upper extremity function after cerebrovascular insults in humans and has also been applied to rodent models. Such analyses can require time-consuming frame-by-frame inspections and are affected by the experimenter's bias. In this study, we introduce a(More)
59 patients with suspected central venous catheter related bacteraemia (CRB), while receiving parenteral nutrition, were studied prospectively. 41 (Group 1) were managed conservatively: cultures were taken from the catheter hub lumen, skin at the catheter entry site and peripheral blood; the catheter was then heparinised and locked for 24-48 h. The catheter(More)
We investigated in vitro the antibacterial properties of a simulated new hub model in which the female part has an antiseptic chamber through which the needle (male part) must pass before connection of the set and the catheter. To establish the time needed for disinfection, the magnitude of reduction of the contaminating inocula by the new hub model, and(More)
An in vivo model of hub-related catheter sepsis in rabbits is reported. The model was used to investigate the protection offered by a new hub design against external contamination by Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus epidermidis and to reassess the diagnostic value of the semiquantitative culture method in bacteremia of endoluminal origin.(More)
We determined biovars and serotypes of 154 isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans from clinical and environmental sources from different areas of Spain. All clinical isolates belonged to C. neoformans var. neoformans. Serotypes showed an irregular distribution. C. neoformans var. gattii serotype B was isolated from necropsy specimens from goats with pulmonary(More)
Vascular smooth muscle contains a bidirectional form of the enzyme 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) which can inactivate (dehydrogenase) endogenous circulating glucocorticoids (GCs) or activate (oxo-reductase) 11-dehydro-metabolites by their conversion back to the parent steroid. Enzyme direction in vascular smooth muscle (VSM) has potential(More)
Urine contamination by microorganisms may affect the interpretation of urinalysis in different areas of clinical diagnosis. This is particularly relevant in doping control. A prospective study was designed to assess the effects of urine contamination by selected pathogens on the endogenous androgenic steroid profile. Pooled urine from a healthy male(More)
The diagnostic value of antibody detection by indirect hemagglutination (IHA), indirect immunofluorescence (IFA), and counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIE) and of Candida albicans mannan antigen detection by latex agglutination was studied in 36 cases of systemic candidiasis in heroin addicts. The IHA and IFA techniques were highly sensitive (97% and 91%,(More)
Atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP, respectively) are potent pulmonary vasodilators that are upregulated in hypoxia-adapted rats and may protect against hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. To test the hypothesis that C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) also modulates pulmonary vascular responses to hypoxia, we compared the vasodilator effect of CNP(More)