Claudette Rabinowitz

Learn More
BACKGROUND Telomere/telomerase system has been recently recognized as an attractive target for anticancer therapy. Telomerase inhibition results in tumor regression and increased sensitivity to various cytotoxic drugs. However, it has not been fully established yet whether the mediator of these effects is telomerase inhibition per se or telomere shortening(More)
Although the use of molecular markers in population genetics of marine organisms is increasingly employed, methodologic limitations still hampered the research for some taxa, such as symbiotic cnidarians, including scleractinian corals. The development of molecular tools in scleractinian corals’ studies is faced with a list of obstacles, such as high cost,(More)
The primordial germ cells (PGCs) in the colonial urochordate Botryllus schlosseri are sequestered in late embryonic stage. PGC-like populations, located at any blastogenic stage in specific niches, inside modules with curtailed lifespan, survive throughout the life of the colony by repeated weekly migration to newly formed buds. This cyclical migration and(More)
Allorecognition, distinguishing self from non-self allogeneic tissues is the underlying basis of innate immunity. In the colonial tunicate Botryllus schlosseri this historecognition is governed at a single genetic locus, Fu/HC (for fusibility/histocompatibility), with hundreds of co-dominantly expressed alleles. Several years ago, De Tomaso et al. (2005)(More)
This study evaluates in vitro the effects of UVB irradiation on three cellular compartments of a shallow water coral species. Coral tissues were dissociated by Ca(2+)-Mg(2+)-free artificial seawater. Cell suspensions were divided into the major cellular compartments (animal cells, algal cells, holobiont entities) by sucrose gradient and then by detergent(More)
In order to evaluate the applicability of different measurement parameters employed in the comet assay for analyzing environmental samples, fish hepatoma (RTH-149) cells were exposed to concentrations of the model genotoxic agent hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2); 1, 5, and 10 microM) and to five water samples from sites along the Kishon River, the most polluted(More)
The colonial tunicate Botrylloides leachi can regenerate functional adults from minute vasculature fragments, in a poorly understood phenomenon termed Whole Body Regeneration (WBR). Using Piwi expression (Bl-Piwi), blood cell labeling and electron microscopy, we show that WBR develops through activation, mobilization and expansion of 'dormant' cells which(More)
The alkaline comet assay, a sensitive method for DNA strand breaks and alkali labile site detection in individual cells, was employed here as an ecotoxicological monitoring tool for evaluation of genotoxicity in the Kishon River, Israel. This river, the most polluted river in Israel, has recently elicited major public concern with regard to cancer(More)
In the colonial growth of botryllid ascidians, blastogenesis (bud formation) is a cyclical and synchronized developmental process characterized by a weekly rhythm of budding and apoptotic events. Very little is known about this cycle regulation and its control. In this study, the in vitro fate of developing buds and regressing zooids extirpated from(More)
This study focuses on recent improvement in epithelial monolayer cultures originating from whole extirpated Botryllus schlosseri (Urochordata) buds. Buds (n = 2,000) were taken at different ('A' to 'D') blastogenic stages. We tested the suitability of 35 combinations of various substrates and media on attachment, cell spread, epithelial growth frequencies(More)