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BACKGROUND AND AIMS The HybridKnife water-jet system (ERBE, Tubingen, Germany) has been shown to increase dissection speed and decreased the risk of perforation during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). Glycerol mixture is a viscous, long-lasting solution preferentially used by Japanese ESD experts. The combination of the HybridKnife system with a(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors describe herein the creation of an animal model capable of producing quantifiable data regarding blood flow rate and velocity modifications in terminal and anastomotic types of cerebrofacial circulation. They also present the preliminary results of a translational study aimed at investigating the role of terminal and anastomotic types(More)
OBJECTIVE The outcome for jailing arterial branches that emerge near intracranial aneurysms during flow-diverting stent (FDS) deployment remains controversial. In this animal study, the authors aimed to elucidate the role of collateral supply with regard to the hemodynamic changes and neointimal modifications that occur from jailing arteries with FDSs. To(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The high specific skill needed by ESD limit its widespread use in Europe and animal training is recommended in Europe to improve the results of ESD that are far from Japanese at present. We create a local training program using live pigs as models, along with our human cases, to provide continuous exposure to the technique. METHODS(More)
Good use of the submucosal space is key during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). High-pressure injection of a long-lasting viscous solution using the HybridKnife water-jet system has been demonstrated to be feasible. We compared jet injection of glycerol and normal saline during pig gastric ESD and assessed its feasibility and efficiency during human(More)
Immunohistochemical examination demonstrated widespread granular deposits of alpha-synuclein (alphaSN) in the brains of sheep and goats with natural scrapie, especially in the cornu ammonis and subiculum of the hippocampus; this contrasted with the diffuse and non-granular immunolabelling seen in healthy controls. There was non-regular "co-localization" of(More)
INTRODUCTION Gastroparesis, or delayed gastric emptying, can be diagnosed with gastric emptying scintigraphy. Manometric studies of patients with gastroparesis show increased pyloric tone (pylorospasm). Among the recent endoscopic therapies for pylorospasm is peroral endoscopic pylorotomy (POP). In this study, we explored the effect of POP on gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Photodynamic therapy, using porphyrins as photosensitizers (PS), has been approved in treatment of several solid tumors. However, commonly used PS induce death but also resistance pathways in cancer cells and an alteration of surrounding normal tissues. Because polyamines (PA) are actively accumulated in cancer cells by the Polyamine Transport(More)
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