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The twist gene was characterized in Drosophila as being necessary at gastrulation for the establishment of the mesodermal germ layer. It codes for a nuclear DNA-binding protein that is probably a transcription factor. We have cloned and sequenced the M-twist gene of Mus musculus. The deduced proteins encoded by the Mus, Xenopus, and Drosophila twist cDNAs,(More)
A gene has been identified that is expressed specifically in stromal cells surrounding invasive breast carcinomas. On the basis of its sequence, the product of this gene, named stromelysin-3, is a new member of the family of metalloproteinase enzymes which degrade the extracellular matrix. The suggestion is that stromelysin-3 is one of the stroma-derived(More)
Approximately 50% of human breast tumors secrete a small cysteine-rich protein, pS2, of unknown function. pS2 protein was recently found to be homologous to a porcine protein with hormonogastric activity, pancreatic spasmolytic polypeptide (PSP), in which the 5-cysteine domain present in pS2 is tandemly duplicated. We have characterized cDNA species(More)
The expression of the stromelysin 3 (ST3) gene, which encodes a putative matrix metalloproteinase, was studied during breast cancer progression. The ST3 gene is expressed in all invasive breast carcinomas, in a number of their metastases, and in some in situ carcinomas where the probability of detecting ST3 transcripts correlates with the known risk of(More)
OBJECTIVE Gut microbiota metabolises bile acids (BA). As dysbiosis has been reported in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), we aim to investigate the impact of IBD-associated dysbiosis on BA metabolism and its influence on the epithelial cell inflammation response. DESIGN Faecal and serum BA rates, expressed as a proportion of total BA, were assessed by(More)
We have cloned from a mouse placenta cDNA library a mouse homologue of the human stromelysin-3 (ST3) cDNA, which codes for a putative matrix metalloproteinase expressed in breast carcinomas. The ST3 protein is well conserved between humans and mice, and the pattern of ST3 gene expression is similar in both species, and shows expression in the placenta, in(More)
Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLO) syndrome or RSH syndrome is an autosomal recessive multiple malformation, and mental retardation syndrome ascribed to 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase deficiency, and usually diagnosed in the early postnatal period. Reviewing a series of 30 cases of SLO, we have investigated the variable antenatal expression of the disorder.(More)
We have previously shown that the human pS2 gene, which codes for a secreted peptide of 60 amino acids, is expressed in a number of human carcinomas, including carcinomas of the breast, the pancreas, and the large bowel. Strong pS2 gene expression was also observed in the normal gastric mucosa and in the regenerative tissues surrounding ulcerous lesions of(More)
Lyso-phospholipids exert a major injurious effect on lung cell membranes during Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), but the mechanisms leading to their in vivo generation are still unknown. Intratracheal administration of LPS to guinea pigs induced the secretion of type II secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2-II) accompanied by a marked increase in(More)
The role of bile acids in cell metabolism, membrane biology and cell signaling is increasingly recognized, thus making necessary a robust and versatile technique to extract, separate and quantify a large concentration range of these numerous molecular species. HPLC-MS/MS analysis provides the highest sensitivity to detect and identify bile acids. However,(More)