Claude Vigneron

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This paper deals with the preparation and the characterization of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles containing protein C, a plasma inhibitor. Nanoparticles were prepared by the double emulsion method (w/o/w), using methylene chloride as an organic solvent and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or human serum albumin (HSA) as a surfactant. The influence of(More)
Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are the standards of anticoagulant for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients undergoing arthroplasty and abdominal surgery. However, LMWHs are so far only administered by parenteral route. Thus, they are usually replaced by oral warfarin for outpatient therapy. Since warfarin has a slow onset and high(More)
The amount of circulating methemoglobin in healthy humans is the result of a balance between methemoglobin production (from autooxidation and oxidation) and hemoglobin reduction. Hemoglobin autooxidation and oxidation are very complex and are not well understood. This article analyses the literature on hemoglobin autooxidation, oxidation and reduction and(More)
BACKGROUND Owing to its short half-life and lack of oral absorption, heparin has to be administered by the parenteral route. An oral heparin formulation, however, would avoid the disadvantages of parenteral injections and would consequently be highly desirable for patients. Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) prepared with biodegradable poly-epsilon-caprolactone(More)
Nanoparticles were prepared by the double emulsion method (w/o/w), using methylene chloride as an organic solvent and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or human serum albumin (HSA) as a surfactant. Experimental parameters such as the preparation temperature, the solvent evaporation methods, the internal aqueous phase volume, the surfactant concentration and the(More)
Heparin-loaded microparticles, prepared according to the double emulsion method with biodegradable (PCL and PLGA) and nonbiodegradable (Eudragit RS and RL) polymers used alone or in combination, with or without gelatin, were characterized in vitro and in vivo after oral administration in rabbits. The entrapment efficiency and the release of heparin were(More)
The endothelium is the production site of several potent vasoactive factors that contribute to the modulation of the vascular tone. Because hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOC) have been demonstrated to cause vasoconstriction and thereby increase arterial pressure by interacting with endothelium-derived factors such as nitric oxide and endothelin-1, we(More)
Human adult hemoglobin (Hb) from peripheral venous blood was covalently linked, under its oxygenated form, to a dextran polymeric effector to yield conjugates with low oxygen affinity. The polymeric effector was synthesized by directly coupling benzene tetracarboxylic anhydride to dextran (MW approximately 10,000) under mild conditions. The reaction(More)
Nanoparticles of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and of blends of PLA and monomethoxypoly(ethylene oxyde) (MPEO-PLA) were prepared by the double emulsion method. Sucrose was added to overcome nanoparticle aggregation with freeze-drying. Whereas PLA nanoparticles rapidly are phagocytosed by the mononuclear phagocyte system cells, the uptake of MPEO-PLA nanoparticles(More)
The two major steps in our study on the treatment of bladder tumors by photodynamic therapy (PDT) were the development of a new bladder tumor model in Fischer rats by implantation of tumor cells and the use of fluorescence spectroscopy, a semi-quantitative and non-invasive method, in order to determine the time after general or local administration of a(More)