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BACKGROUND Owing to its short half-life and lack of oral absorption, heparin has to be administered by the parenteral route. An oral heparin formulation, however, would avoid the disadvantages of parenteral injections and would consequently be highly desirable for patients. Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) prepared with biodegradable poly-epsilon-caprolactone(More)
Heparin-loaded microparticles, prepared according to the double emulsion method with biodegradable (PCL and PLGA) and nonbiodegradable (Eudragit RS and RL) polymers used alone or in combination, with or without gelatin, were characterized in vitro and in vivo after oral administration in rabbits. The entrapment efficiency and the release of heparin were(More)
Nanoparticles were prepared by the double emulsion method (w/o/w), using methylene chloride as an organic solvent and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or human serum albumin (HSA) as a surfactant. Experimental parameters such as the preparation temperature, the solvent evaporation methods, the internal aqueous phase volume, the surfactant concentration and the(More)
This paper deals with the preparation and the characterization of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles containing protein C, a plasma inhibitor. Nanoparticles were prepared by the double emulsion method (w/o/w), using methylene chloride as an organic solvent and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) or human serum albumin (HSA) as a surfactant. The influence of(More)
Thermosensitive liposome-encapsulated doxorubicin (TLED) was compared to free doxorubicin, at 37 degrees C or combined with 43 degrees C hyperthermia, in sensitive and multidrug-resistant MCF-7 human tumour cells using clonogenic assays. In the resistant subline, TLED was found to partly circumvent multidrug resistance (MDR). The reversal was comparable to(More)
Oxidation of hemoglobin is constant and normal in red blood cells and in all biological media. The knowledge of the mechanisms which manage oxidation state is perhaps sufficient to treat acquired and some hereditary methemoglobinemia. But in case of transfusional treatment with hemoglobin based oxygen carrier (HBOC), some preclinical investigations on the(More)
The in vivo behavior of monomethoxypoly(ethylene oxide)-poly(lactic acid) (MPEO20-PLA45/PLA (75/25)) nanoparticles in comparison with PLA ones was studied in guinea pig. Indeed, the aim of this study was to bring to the fore the in vivo stealth character of these copolymer nanoparticles and to identify the phagocytic circulating cells involved in their(More)
Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are the standards of anticoagulant for the prevention of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients undergoing arthroplasty and abdominal surgery. However, LMWHs are so far only administered by parenteral route. Thus, they are usually replaced by oral warfarin for outpatient therapy. Since warfarin has a slow onset and high(More)
The two major steps in our study on the treatment of skin carcinomas by photochemotherapy (PCT) were the development of a skin tumor model in Hairless mice by a chemical carcinogenesis and the use of fluorescence spectroscopy, a semi-quantitative and non-invasive method, in order to determine the time after i.p. injection of photosensitizer when the(More)
The cardiovascular effects of human albumin (Alb) and three human hemoglobin (Hb) solutions, dextran-benzene-tetracarboxylate Hb, alphaalpha-crosslinked Hb, and o-raffinose-polymerized Hb were compared in anesthetized rabbits undergoing acute isovolemic hemodilution with Hct reduction from 41.4 +/- 2.7 to 28.8 +/- 1.6%. The impact of the vasoconstricting(More)