Claude Vidaud

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The skeleton is a target organ for most metals. This leads to their bioaccumulation, either as storage of useful oligoelements or as a protection against damage by toxic elements. The different events leading to their accumulation in this organ, under constant remodeling, are not fully understood, nor the full subsequent impact on bone metabolism. This lack(More)
Chromogranin A (CgA), a major protein of chromaffin granules, has been described as a potential marker for neuroendocrine tumours. Because of an extensive proteolysis which leads to a large heterogeneity of circulating fragments, its presence in blood has been assessed in most cases either by competitive immunoassays or with polyclonal antibodies. In the(More)
Nanoparticles (NPs) entering a biological fluid undergo surface modification due to dynamic, physicochemical interactions with biological components, especially proteins. In this work we used complementary bio-physico-chemical approaches to characterize the effects of interactions between CeO(2) NPs, immunoglobulins (IgGs) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) of(More)
We used dynamic force spectroscopy (DFS) to explore the energy landscape of interactions between a chelated uranyl compound and a monoclonal antibody raised against the uranyl-dicarboxy-phenanthroline complex. We estimated the potential energy barrier widths and the relevant thermodynamic rate constants along the dissociation coordinate. Using atomic force(More)
After internal contamination, uranium rapidly distributes in the body; up to 20 % of the initial dose is retained in the skeleton, where it remains for years. Several studies suggest that uranium has a deleterious effect on the bone cell system, but little is known regarding the mechanisms leading to accumulation of uranium in bone tissue. We have performed(More)
Proteins are poor immunogens that require an adjuvant to raise an immune response. Here we show that the human immunodeficiency virus, type 1 Tat protein possesses an autoadjuvant property, and we have identified the determinants and the molecular events that are associated with this unusual property. Using a series of chemically synthesized Tat101(More)
About 20% of uranyl ions in serum are associated with the protein pool. A few of them such as transferrin have been characterized, but most still have to be identified to obtain a better explanation of the biochemical toxicology and kinetics of uranium. We designed an in vitro sensitive procedure involving a combination of bidimensional chromatography with(More)
Documenting the modes of interaction of uranyl (UO(2)2+) with large biomolecules, and particularly with proteins, is instrumental for the interpretation of its behavior in vitro and in vivo. The gathering of three-dimensional information concerning uranyl-first shell atoms from two structural databases, the Cambridge Structural Databank and the Protein Data(More)
To improve general understanding of biochemical mechanisms in the field of uranium toxicology, the identification of protein targets needs to be intensified. Immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) has been widely developed as a powerful tool for capturing metal binding proteins from biological extracts. However uranyl cations (UO2(2+)) have(More)
Although coenzymeA (CoA) is essential in numerous metabolic pathways in all living cells, molecular characterization of the CoA biosynthetic pathway in Archaea remains undocumented. Archaeal genomes contain detectable homologues for only three of the five steps of the CoA biosynthetic pathway characterized in Eukarya and Bacteria. In case of(More)