Claude Vallet-Strouve

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Cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) activity was characterized in culture of ewe myometrial cells and its sensitivity to steroid hormones was tested. Cultured myometrial cells were maintained from the first to the 20th subculture in the presence of 2% of serum in a medium supplemented with 1 microM of insulin. It was found that myometrial cells possess a PDE(More)
The effect of taurocholate and lecithincholesterol-taurocholate mixed micelles on the structure of isolated intestinal brush border membranes was investigated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Rabbit brush border membranes isolated by a Mg2+ precipitation step were chosen for this study because of their stability and integrity as revealed by 31P NMR.(More)
A method for primary culture of ovine myometrial cells is described. After dissection, myometrium of ewe uteri was digested in trypsin and collagenase. The cells were preplated for 1 h at 37 degrees C. The non-attached cells were grown in appropriate medium supplemented with 2% fetal calf serum. They had a doubling time of 3 days, reached confluency at 10(More)
Limited tryptic hydrolysis of the estradiol cytoplasmic receptor from calf uterus has been demonstrated to yield in a high-salt buffer a stable estradiol-binding molecule with the following characteristics: sedimentation coefficient 4.0 +/- 0.1 S; Stokes radius 3.5 +/- 0.05 nm; molecular weight 60000 (for an assumed v value of 0.73 ml g-1) and frictional(More)
The effect of ageing on estradiol (E2) metabolism has been studied systematically in cultured ovine myometrial cells from the 2nd to the 25th subculture. Cell monolayers were incubated for various amounts of time with [3H]E2, and metabolites isolated from cells or medium by thin-layer chromatography (TLC). The main metabolites identified were estrone (E1),(More)
The effect of biliary salts and fatty acids on the bilayer structure of rabbit intestinal brush-border membranes was studied using the nonperturbing probe31P NMR. The broad. asymmetric lineshape of the31P NMR spectrum of isolated brush-border vesicles demostrates that their component phospholipids are organized in extended bilayers. These membranes are not(More)
To further characterize 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17 beta-SDH) from cultured ovine myometrial cells, an assay was established in whole cell homogenates and cell subfractions. Tritiated estradiol (E2) was incubated in the presence of an excess of cofactor and estrone (E1) formed purified by thin-layer chromatography. The enzyme activity was(More)