Claude V. Maina

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Parasitic nematodes that cause elephantiasis and river blindness threaten hundreds of millions of people in the developing world. We have sequenced the approximately 90 megabase (Mb) genome of the human filarial parasite Brugia malayi and predict approximately 11,500 protein coding genes in 71 Mb of robustly assembled sequence. Comparative analysis with the(More)
The Caenorhabditis elegans genome encodes 284 nuclear receptor (NR) genes. Among these 284 NR genes are 15 genes conserved among the Metazoa. Here, we analyze the expression and function of eight heretofore uncharacterized conserved C. elegans NR genes. Reporter gene analysis demonstrates that these genes have distinct expression patterns and that a(More)
The nuclear receptor superfamily expanded in at least two episodes: one early in metazoan evolution, the second within the vertebrate lineage. An exception to this pattern is the genome of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, which encodes more than 270 nuclear receptors, most of them highly divergent. We generated 128 cDNA sequences for 76 C. elegans(More)
The nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily is the most abundant class of transcriptional regulators encoded in the Caenorhabditis elegans genome, with >200 predicted genes revealed by the screens and analysis of genomic sequence reported here. This is the largest number of NR genes yet described from a single species, although our analysis of available genomic(More)
A plasmid vector has been constructed that directs the synthesis of high levels (approximately 2% of total cellular protein) of fusions between a target protein and maltose-binding protein (MBP) in Escherichia coli. The MBP domain is used to purify the fusion protein in a one step procedure by affinity chromatography to crosslinked amylose resin. The fusion(More)
BACKGROUND Filarial nematodes, including Brugia malayi, the causative agent of lymphatic filariasis, undergo molting in both arthropod and mammalian hosts to complete their life cycles. An understanding of how these parasites cross developmental checkpoints may reveal potential targets for intervention. Pharmacological evidence suggests that ecdysteroids(More)
An unusual antigen composed of tandemly repeated protein units was cloned from the filarial parasite Dirofilaria immitis. The antigen was initially identified by screening a lambda gt11 cDNA library with serum from dogs immunized with irradiated D. immitis third-stage larvae. DNA sequence analysis of the cDNA clone, Di5, revealed a continuous open reading(More)
Filarial parasites are responsible for several serious human diseases with symptoms such as lymphoedema, elephantiasis, and blindness. An understanding of how these parasites pass through developmental checkpoints may elucidate the general mechanisms of these illnesses and suggest potential targets for intervention. A useful model system for the study of(More)
A bacterial plasmid containing the entire nitrogen fixation (nif) gene cluster (consisting of at least 15 genes) from Klebsiella pneumoniae was used in conjunction with an Escherichia coli-yeast shuttle plasmid containing the yeast his4 gene cluster to cotransform a his4- recipient strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Of 87 histidine-independent clones(More)