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Nucleosome positioning plays an essential role in cellular processes by modulating accessibility of DNA to proteins. Here, using only sequence-dependent DNA flexibility and intrinsic curvature, we predict the nucleosome occupancy along the genomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Drosophila melanogaster and demonstrate the predictive power and universality(More)
The pairwise comparison of RNA secondary structures is a fundamental problem, with direct application in mining databases for annotating putative noncoding RNA candidates in newly sequenced genomes. An increasing number of software tools are available for comparing RNA secondary structures, based on different models (such as ordered trees or forests, arc(More)
Genome-wide replication timing studies have suggested that mammalian chromosomes consist of megabase-scale domains of coordinated origin firing separated by large originless transition regions. Here, we report a quantitative genome-wide analysis of DNA replication kinetics in several human cell types that contradicts this view. DNA combing in HeLa cells(More)
For years, progress in elucidating the mechanisms underlying replication initiation and its coupling to transcriptional activities and to local chromatin structure has been hampered by the small number (approximately 30) of well-established origins in the human genome and more generally in mammalian genomes. Recent in silico studies of compositional strand(More)
In higher eukaryotes, replication program specification in different cell types remains to be fully understood. We show for seven human cell lines that about half of the genome is divided in domains that display a characteristic U-shaped replication timing profile with early initiation zones at borders and late replication at centers. Significant overlap is(More)
In this protocol, we describe the use of the LastWave open-source signal-processing command language (http://perso.ens-lyon.fr/benjamin.audit/LastWave/) for analyzing cellular DNA replication timing profiles. LastWave makes use of a multiscale, wavelet-based signal-processing algorithm that is based on a rigorous theoretical analysis linking timing profiles(More)
Although chromatin folding is known to be of functional importance to control the gene expression program, less is known regarding its interplay with DNA replication. Here, using Circular Chromatin Conformation Capture combined with high-throughput sequencing, we identified megabase-sized self-interacting domains in the nucleus of a human lymphoblastoid(More)
Detection of large genomic rearrangements, such as large indels, duplications or translocations is now commonly achieved by next generation sequencing (NGS) approaches. Recently, several tools have been developed to analyze NGS data but the resulting files are difficult to interpret without an additional visualization step. Circos (Genome Res, 19:1639–1645,(More)
The most commonly used models for analysing local dependencies in DNA sequences are (high-order) Markov chains. Incorporating knowledge relative to the possible grouping of the nucleotides enables to define dedicated sub-classes of Markov chains. The problem of formulating lumpability hypotheses for a Markov chain is therefore addressed. In the classical(More)
  • Nicolas Charlet-Berguerand, Hervé Le Hir, Mariarosaria Incoronato, Umberto di Porzio, Yanbin Yu, Shuqian Jing +2 others
  • 2004
The glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family coreceptor alpha1 (GFRalpha1) is a critical component of the RET receptor kinase signal-transducing complex. The activity of this multicomponent receptor is stimulated by the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and is involved in neuronal cells survival and kidney development.(More)