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Ten years ago next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies appeared on the market. During the past decade, tremendous progress has been made in terms of speed, read length, and throughput, along with a sharp reduction in per-base cost. Together, these advances democratized NGS and paved the way for the development of a large number of novel NGS(More)
Non-coding (nc)RNAs are key players in numerous biological processes such as gene regulation, chromatin domain formation and genome stability. Large ncRNAs interact with histone modifiers and are involved in cancer development, X-chromosome inactivation and autosomal gene imprinting. However, despite recent evidence showing that pervasive transcription is(More)
Long non-protein coding RNAs (npcRNA) represent an emerging class of riboregulators, which either act directly in this long form or are processed to shorter miRNA and siRNA. Genome-wide bioinformatic analysis of full-length cDNA databases identified 76 Arabidopsis npcRNAs. Fourteen npcRNAs were antisense to protein-coding mRNAs, suggesting cis-regulatory(More)
Escherichia coli rho-independent transcription terminators are characterized by an RNA structure having a G+C-rich stem-loop followed by a series of uridine residues, but they can be only partially predicted by the stability of this structure or by its primary sequence. A large number of such terminators have been identified or proposed in the literature,(More)
Nucleosome positioning plays an essential role in cellular processes by modulating accessibility of DNA to proteins. Here, using only sequence-dependent DNA flexibility and intrinsic curvature, we predict the nucleosome occupancy along the genomes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Drosophila melanogaster and demonstrate the predictive power and universality(More)
In this work, we investigated a large-scale organization of the human genes with respect to putative replication origins. We developed an appropriate multiscale method to analyze the nucleotide compositional skew along the genome and found that in more than one-quarter of the genome, the skew profile presents characteristic patterns consisting of(More)
Activating mutations of the RET oncogene cause the inheritance of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2). The RET pre-mRNA is spliced into several transcripts coding for multiple isoforms, including Ret9 and Ret51. When harboring activating mutations in the cytoplasmic region, the Ret51 protein displays a higher in vitro transforming efficiency as(More)
We use the "wavelet transform microscope" to carry out a comparative statistical analysis of DNA bending profiles and of the corresponding DNA texts. In the three kingdoms, one reveals on both signals a characteristic scale of 100-200 bp that separates two different regimes of power-law correlations (PLC). In the small-scale regime, PLC are observed in(More)
Neutral nucleotide substitutions occur at varying rates along genomes, and it remains a major issue to unravel the mechanisms that cause these variations and to analyze their evolutionary consequences. Here, we study the role of replication in the neutral substitution pattern. We obtained a high-resolution replication timing profile of the whole human(More)
In the course of evolution, mutations do not affect both strands of genomic DNA equally. This imbalance mainly results from asymmetric DNA mutation and repair processes associated with replication and transcription. In prokaryotes, prevalence of G over C and T over A is frequently observed in the leading strand. The sign of the resulting TA and GC skews(More)