Claude R. Benedict

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An association between raised renin levels and myocardial infarction has been reported. We studied the effects of enalapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, on the development of myocardial infarction and unstable angina in 6797 patients with ejection fractions < or = 0.35 enrolled into the two Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction(More)
Neuroendocrine activation is known to occur in patients with congestive heart failure, but there is uncertainty as to whether this occurs before or after the presence of overt symptoms. In the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD), a multicenter study of patients with ejection fractions of 35% or less, we compared baseline plasma norepinephrine,(More)
A single-blind, randomized, five-way cross-over, safety and tolerability trial was conducted to determine whether intravenous (i.v.) dolasetron mesylate at varying single doses induces changes in ECG intervals in healthy volunteers and to compare these changes with a single intravenous dose of ondansetron or placebo. Thirty healthy male volunteers received(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) demonstrated that enalapril therapy significantly improved the clinical course of patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The goals of this substudy were to evaluate changes in LV structure and function in SOLVD patients and to test the hypothesis that enalapril inhibits remodeling in(More)
Administration of the 5-hydroxytryptamine 3 receptor class of antiemetic agents has been associated with prolongation in the QRS, JT, and QT intervals of the ECG. To explore the mechanisms underlying these findings, we examined the effects of granisetron, ondansetron, dolasetron, and the active metabolite of dolasetron MDL 74,156 on the cloned human cardiac(More)
The role of platelets in contributing to occlusive coronary artery thrombus formation remains unresolved. A large number of studies have utilized in vitro techniques to study platelet aggregation. This report describes a model of spontaneous in vivo thrombus formation which involves application of current in the left circumflex coronary artery of the dog.(More)
BACKGROUND The urotensin II (UII) found in coronary atheroma is the most potent vasoconstrictor known to date. Mildly oxidized LDL (moxLDL) contributes to atherogenesis and plaque formation. We assessed the effect of UII and its interaction with moxLDL and the oxidative components of moxLDL on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. Methods and(More)
BACKGROUND Urotensin II (U-II), the most potent vasoconstrictor, and serotonin (5-HT) are known to play an important role in pulmonary hypertension. However, little is known about the effect of U-II and its interaction with 5-HT on vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation. OBJECTIVE We assessed the interaction between U-II and 5-HT in inducing(More)
BACKGROUND Restenosis is a major complication that limits the long-term efficacy of coronary angioplasty. Migration and proliferation of activated medial smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is considered an important mechanism in this process. Because at sites of vascular injury, aggregating platelets release both serotonin (5-HT) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2), we(More)
BACKGROUND Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation induced by various growth factors has been implicated in a wide variety of pathological processes, including hypertension, atherosclerosis and restenosis after angioplasty. OBJECTIVES To investigate the interactions among well-known potent vasoconstrictor substances, endothelin-1 (ET-1),(More)