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Polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase), a homotrimeric exoribonuclease present in bacteria, is involved in mRNA degradation. In Escherichia coli, expression of this enzyme is autocontrolled at the translational level. We introduced about 30 mutations in the pnp gene by site-directed mutagenesis, most of them in phylogenetically conserved residues, and(More)
Polynucleotide phosphorylase, a 3' to 5' processive exoribonuclease is post-transcriptionally autocontrolled and it was previously shown that this control is dependent on a 5' processing by RNase III. In this paper, the mechanism of regulation is analyzed by studying the properties of a pnp-lacZ translational gene fusion. It is shown that this message is(More)
In bacterial ribosomes, the small (30S) ribosomal subunit is composed of 16S rRNA and 21 distinct proteins. Ribosomal protein S15 is of particular interest because it binds primarily to 16S rRNA and is required for assembly of the small subunit and for intersubunit association, thus representing a key element in the assembly of a whole ribosome. Here we(More)
It has been previously shown that the pnp messenger RNAs are cleaved by RNase III at the 5' end and that these cleavages induce a rapid decay of these messengers. A translational fusion between pnp and lacZ was introduced into the chromosome of a delta lac strain to study the expression of pnp. In the presence of increased cellular concentrations of(More)
Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S15 recognizes two RNA targets: a three-way junction in 16S rRNA and a pseudoknot structure on its own mRNA. Binding to mRNA occurs when S15 is expressed in excess over its rRNA target, resulting in an inhibition of translation start. The sole apparent similarity between the rRNA and mRNA targets is the presence of a(More)
The rpsO gene of Escherichia coli, which encodes ribosomal protein S15 is located at 69 minutes on the chromosome. It is adjacent to the pnp gene, which encodes polynucleotide phosphorylase. The two genes are separated by 249 nucleotides and are transcribed in the same direction. We report here in vivo S1 nuclease mapping and in vitro transcription(More)
The pnp gene is located at 69 min on the Escherichia coli chromosome adjacent to the rpsO gene which encodes the ribosomal protein S15. In this paper, we present the sequence of a 3030-nucleotide DNA fragment containing the open reading frames coding for ribosomal protein S15 and polynucleotide phosphorylase. Translation of pnp is initiated by 5'-UUG-3'(More)
Polynucleotide phosphorylase synthesis is autocontrolled at a post-transcriptional level in an RNase III-dependent mechanism. RNase III cleaves a long stem-loop in the pnp leader, which triggers pnp mRNA instability, resulting in a decrease in the synthesis of polynucleotide phosphorylase. The staggered cleavage by RNase III removes the upper part of the(More)
Insertion in an episome of a kanamycine-resistant element (Tn5) at the polynucleotide phosphorylase gene level, results, after transduction into a wild strain, by the loss of activities specific to polynucleotide phosphorylase. A low phosphorolytic activity is nevertheless detectable in crude extracts, but no longer in extracts slightly purified after heat(More)