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Cytokinins are degraded by cytokinin oxidases (CKOs) which catalyse cleavage of the N6-(isopent-2-enyl)-side chain resulting in formation of adenine-type compounds. CKO activity has been recorded in many plants and is thought to play a key role in controlling cytokinin levels in plants. Several partially purified CKOs have been characterised but no genes(More)
Cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKO/CKX) is a flavoenzyme, which irreversibly inactivates cytokinins by severing the isoprenoid side chain from the adenine/adenosine moiety. There are several genes coding for the enzyme in maize (Zea mays). A Z. mays CKO1 cDNA was cloned in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica to achieve heterologous protein expression. The(More)
Cytokinin oxidases (CKOs) play a major role in the regulation of hormone levels in plants by irreversibly degrading cytokinins. Two new cDNAs from maize (CKO2 and CKO3) were cloned and CKO activity of a recombinant CKO3 enzyme was demonstrated. CKO2 and CKO3 encode flavoproteins with 93% identity among each other compared with 45% identity with CKO1. The(More)
BACKGROUND Limited information is available about the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome(MeTS) in India. Railway employees provided a unique opportunity to study the prevalence of MeTS in a variety of jobs. METHODS A total of 995 railway employees, 872 males (mean age 42.96 +/- 7.91) and 123 females (mean age 44.28 +/- 7.91), underwent physical(More)
Formation of the riboside-5'-monophosphate is a general feature of the metabolism of cytokinins in plants. As part of a study of the biological significance of the nucleotide form of cytokinins, we analyzed a mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana deficient in adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) activity for its ability to metabolize N(6)-benzyladenine (BA).(More)
In previous experiments, seven lines of valine-resistant plants were regenerated from protoplast-derived haploid tobacco mesophyll cells which had been UV mutagenized and submitted to selection by toxic concentrations of valine. In this study we described the transmission of valine-resistance to progeny and a preliminary phenotypical and biochemical(More)
Cytokinins are hormones that are involved in plant growth and development. They are irreversibly degraded by cytokinin oxidases/dehydrogenases, flavoenzymes which contain a covalently bound flavine adenine dinucleotide (FAD) cofactor. Cytokinin oxidase from Zea mays (ZmCKO1) was overexpressed in the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica, purified (molecular weight 69(More)
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