Claude Oelschlaeger

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We present a universal method to create a tunable, artificial vector gauge potential for neutral particles trapped in an optical lattice. The necessary Peierls phase of the hopping parameters between neighboring lattice sites is generated by applying a suitable periodic inertial force such that the method does not rely on any internal structure of the(More)
We characterize the linear viscoelastic shear properties of an aqueous wormlike micellar solution using diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS) based tracer microrheology as well as various mechanical techniques such as rotational rheometry, oscillatory squeeze flow, and torsional resonance oscillation covering the frequency range from 10(-1) to 10(6) rad/s.(More)
Magnetism plays a key role in modern technology and stimulates research in several branches of condensed matter physics. Although the theory of classical magnetism is well developed, the demonstration of a widely tunable experimental system has remained an elusive goal. Here, we present the realization of a large-scale simulator for classical magnetism on a(More)
The frequency-dependent shear modulus of aqueous wormlike micellar solutions of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPyCl) and sodium salicylate (NaSal) has been measured over a broad frequency range from 10(-2) to 10(6) rad/s using diffusing wave spectroscopy (DWS) based tracer microrheology as well as mechanical techniques including rotational rheometry and(More)
We show that fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) using a commercial spectrometer can be applied to passive microrheological (MR) experiments. The method probes the local rheological properties of materials on length scales of the focus dimension of the confocal microscope. For a feasibility study, we performed measurements on a high molecular weight(More)
We have studied the effect of counterion binding efficiency on the linear viscoelastic properties of wormlike micelles formed from hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) in the presence of different nonpenetrating inorganic salts: potassium bromide (KBr), sodium nitrate (NaNO(3)), and sodium chlorate (NaClO(3)). We have varied the salt/surfactant ratio R(More)
We have investigated the linear viscoelastic properties of high molecular weight hyaluronan in aqueous solution using an experimental approach combining mechanical rheometry and optical microrheology. The complex shear modulus has been measured over a broad frequency range from 10(-1) to 10(7) rad/s. Chain flexibility is characterized by the persistence(More)
In this study, macroporous, elastic, three-dimensional scaffolds formed of hyaluronic acid mixed with ethylene glycol diglycidyl ether as a chemical cross-linker have been prepared by cryogelation for application in tissue engineering. These cryogels are characterized by large interconnected pores of size ∼50-300 μm and pore wall thickness of ∼5-30 μm as(More)
This study aims at defining rheological parameters for the characterization of highly concentrated protein solutions. As a basis for comparing rheological behavior with protein solution characteristics the protein phase behavior of Lysozyme from chicken egg white with concentrations up to 225 mg/mL, changing pH values and additive concentrations was studied(More)
The structural and dynamic properties of low ionic strength micellar solutions of the cationic surfactant perfluorooctylbutane trimethylammonium bromide have been investigated by cryo-TEM, small-angle neutron scattering, small-angle X-ray scattering, T-jump and rheological experiments. The surfactant molecules self-assemble into narrow ribbons with average(More)