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Genetic studies of the type 2 diabetes-like GK rat have revealed several susceptibility loci for the compound diabetes phenotype. Congenic strains were established for Niddm1, the major quantitative trait locus (QTL) for postprandial glucose levels, by transfer of GK alleles onto the genome of the normoglycemic F344 rat. Despite the polygenic nature of(More)
We examined whether zinc transporter 8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A; arginine ZnT8-RA, tryptophan ZnT8-WA, and glutamine ZnT8-QA variants) differed between immigrant and Swedish patients due to different polymorphisms of SLC30A8, HLA-DQ, or both. Newly diagnosed autoimmune (≥1 islet autoantibody) type 1 diabetic patients (n = 2,964, <18 years, 55% male) were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of a school-based intervention programme to reduce the prevalence of overweight in 6 to 10-year-old children. DESIGN Cluster-randomized, controlled study. SUBJECTS A total of 3135 boys and girls in grades 1-4 were included in the study. METHODS Ten schools were selected in Stockholm county area and randomized to(More)
TMEM18 is a hypothalamic gene that has recently been linked to obesity and BMI in genome wide association studies. However, the functional properties of TMEM18 are obscure. The evolutionary history of TMEM18 was inferred using phylogenetic and bioinformatic methods. The gene's expression profile was investigated with real-time PCR in a panel of rat and(More)
CONTEXT The effect of GH therapy in short non-GH-deficient children, especially those with idiopathic short stature (ISS), has not been clearly established owing to the lack of controlled trials continuing until final height (FH). OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the effect on growth to FH of two GH doses given to short children, mainly(More)
OBJECTIVE Behavioral treatment of children suffering from hypothalamic obesity or uncomplicated obesity in combination with syndromes that aggravate this condition has proven to be ineffective. The combination of comorbidities and severe obesity lower the quality of these children's lives drastically. The present goal was to determine whether treatment with(More)
In a cross-sectional study design, we test the hypothesis whether childhood obesity is associated with reduced flow rate of stimulated whole saliva and dental caries. Obese adolescents (n = 65) with a mean age of 14.5 years and normal weight subjects (n = 65) with a mean age of 14.2 years were clinically examined with respect to dental caries, visible(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental and natural human adenovirus-36 (Adv36) infection of multiple animal species results in obesity through increasing adipogenesis and lipid accumulation in adipocytes. Presence of Adv36 antibodies detected by serum neutralization assay has previously been associated with obesity in children and adults living in the USA, South Korea and(More)
Melanocortin receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs) modulate signaling of melanocortin receptors in vitro. To investigate the physiological role of brain-expressed melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein 2 (MRAP2), we characterized mice with whole-body and brain-specific targeted deletion of Mrap2, both of which develop severe obesity at a young age. Mrap2(More)
AIMS To evaluate the efficacy and safety of nitrous oxide treatment given to children presenting procedural problems in a paediatric outpatient department. METHODS The study comprised 70 children 6-18 years old. Two different groups were studied. (1) Children presenting with problems in establishing venous cannulation (VC) (n = 50). The patients were(More)