Claude Maisonhaute

Learn More
The nucleotide sequence of 1731, a retrotransposon cloned from the genome of Drosophila melanogaster, reveals a structural similarity with the proviral form of the retroviruses including a pol-like gene containing a putative reverse-transcriptase(RT)-coding sequence. Diverse parts of that sequence were subcloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. It has(More)
Transposable elements (TEs), represent a large fraction of the eukaryotic genome. In Drosophila melanogaster, about 20% of the genome corresponds to such middle repetitive DNA dispersed sequences. A fraction of TEs is composed of elements showing a retrovirus-like structure, the LTR-retrotransposons, the first TEs to be described in the Drosophila genome.(More)
The centrosome of Drosophila melanogaster cells cultured in vitro has been followed by immunofluorescence techniques with the Bx63 antibody of Frasch and Saumweber. After a heat shock, the centrosome labelling becomes very small and finally disappears after 30 min. Other heat-shock protein (hsp) inducers such as ethanol, arsenite and ecdysterone lead to the(More)
Retrotransposable elements and transposons are generally both found in most eukaryotes. These two classes of elements are usually distinguished on the basis of their differing mechanisms of transposition. However, their respective frequencies, their intragenomic dynamics and distributions, and the frequencies of their horizontal transfer from one species to(More)
1731 is a Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon whose nucleotide sequence shows a proviral architecture with two long terminal repeats (LTRs) framing two internal Open Reading Frames (ORFs). The pol ORF2 of this mobile genetic element was demonstrated to code for an active Reverse Transcriptase (RT) and the ORF1 is expected to code for the structural Gag(More)
A molecular phylogeny for the drosophilid genus Zaprionus was inferred using a mitochondrial (CO-II) and a nuclear (Amyrel) gene using 22 available species. The combined molecular tree does not support the current classification, dubbed phylogenetic, based entirely upon a morphocline of forefemoral ornamentation. For species for which DNA was not available,(More)
Extensive analyses of Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon transcriptions in cultured cells or during development have been reported, but little is known about their translation during the development of the fly. Analysis of the translational products of the 1731 Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon in Kc Drosophila cultured cells has been reported,(More)
The structural variants of the regulatory and coding regions of the LTR-retrotransposon 1731 are described. Two classes of genomic copies of retrotransposon 1731, with and without frameshifting strategy to express Gag and Pol proteins, were earlier revealed in the D. melanogaster genome. Copies without frameshifting are shown to be evolved from an ancient(More)
We analyse the expression of the retrotransposon 412 in the soma, testes, and ovaries in populations of Drosophila simulans and D. melanogaster, using RT-PCR and in situ hybridization. We find that expression of 412 is highly variable in the soma, confirming previous findings based on Northern blots. No 412RNA is detected in the ovaries by either in situ(More)
A full-length copy of the retrotransposon GATE was identified as an insertion in the tandemly repeated, heterochromatic, Stellate genes, which are expressed in the testis of Drosophila melanogaster. Sequencing of this heterochromatic GATE copy revealed that it is closely related to the BEL retrotransposon, a representative of the recently defined BEL -like(More)