Claude Maisonhaute

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Transposable elements (TEs), represent a large fraction of the eukaryotic genome. In Drosophila melanogaster, about 20% of the genome corresponds to such middle repetitive DNA dispersed sequences. A fraction of TEs is composed of elements showing a retrovirus-like structure, the LTR-retrotransposons, the first TEs to be described in the Drosophila genome.(More)
A molecular phylogeny for the drosophilid genus Zaprionus was inferred using a mitochondrial (CO-II) and a nuclear (Amyrel) gene using 22 available species. The combined molecular tree does not support the current classification, dubbed phylogenetic, based entirely upon a morphocline of forefemoral ornamentation. For species for which DNA was not available,(More)
Extensive analyses of Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon transcriptions in cultured cells or during development have been reported, but little is known about their translation during the development of the fly. Analysis of the translational products of the 1731 Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon in Kc Drosophila cultured cells has been reported,(More)
Retrotransposable elements and transposons are generally both found in most eukaryotes. These two classes of elements are usually distinguished on the basis of their differing mechanisms of transposition. However, their respective frequencies, their intragenomic dynamics and distributions, and the frequencies of their horizontal transfer from one species to(More)
The structural variants of the regulatory and coding regions of the LTR-retrotransposon 1731 are described. Two classes of genomic copies of retrotransposon 1731, with and without frameshifting strategy to express Gag and Pol proteins, were earlier revealed in the D. melanogaster genome. Copies without frameshifting are shown to be evolved from an ancient(More)
The centrosome of Drosophila melanogaster cells cultured in vitro has been followed by immunofluorescence techniques with the Bx63 antibody of Frasch and Saumweber. After a heat shock, the centrosome labelling becomes very small and finally disappears after 30 min. Other heat-shock protein (hsp) inducers such as ethanol, arsenite and ecdysterone lead to the(More)
1731 is a Drosophila melanogaster retrotransposon whose nucleotide sequence shows a proviral architecture with two long terminal repeats (LTRs) framing two internal Open Reading Frames (ORFs). The pol ORF2 of this mobile genetic element was demonstrated to code for an active Reverse Transcriptase (RT) and the ORF1 is expected to code for the structural Gag(More)
The nucleotide sequence of 1731, a retrotransposon cloned from the genome of Drosophila melanogaster, reveals a structural similarity with the proviral form of the retroviruses including a pol-like gene containing a putative reverse-transcriptase(RT)-coding sequence. Diverse parts of that sequence were subcloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. It has(More)
1731 is a Drosophila retrotransposon whose transcripts decrease in Drosophila cells after treatment by the steroid hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20-OH). Several constructions have been made where the bacterial chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene is put under the control of either the 5' or the 3' long terminal repeats (LTRs) of 1731. CAT activity(More)
The amylase gene family of Drosophila ananassae consists in seven copies, scattered on several chromosomal arms. We have evidenced that a member of the family, Amy35, lies within an intron of a gene homologous to the CG14696 gene of D. melanogaster. This nested arrangement seems restricted to the D. ananassae subgroup. The nested and the nest genes are(More)