Claude Magnin

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STUDY OBJECTIVES Contrast transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is currently used to identify intrapulmonary shunt (IPS) in patients with end-stage liver disease. The aim of this study was to compare the use of contrast TTE and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in detecting IPS. DESIGN Thirty-seven consecutive outpatients with severe liver disease(More)
The Berlin definition for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a new proposal for changing the American-European consensus definition but has not been assessed prospectively as yet. In the present study, we aimed to determine (1) the prevalence and incidence of ARDS with both definitions, and (2) the initial characteristics of patients with ARDS(More)
BACKGROUND The analgesia/nociception index (ANI), a 0-100 non-invasive index calculated from heart rate variability, reflects the analgesia/nociception balance during general anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ANI in the assessment of immediate postoperative pain in adult patients undergoing general anaesthesia. METHODS Two-hundred(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of intramuscular ephedrine for prevention of hypotension following subarachnoid block (SB) in the elderly. STUDY DESIGN Prospective, randomized double blind study vs placebo. PATIENTS Twenty patients, aged 60 years or more, of physical class ASA 2 or 3, scheduled for surgical fixation of fractured neck of femur under SB,(More)
This study analyses 126 cases of dental injuries occurring during endotracheal intubation, reported to the service of litigations of the hospitals in Lyon over a ten-year period, and giving rise to a complaint. The overall rate was 1 out of 4,000 cases of intubation. The true incidence may be greater. As expected, the upper jaw teeth are most often(More)
It is generally recognized that dental injury during and after tracheal intubation is a significant problem. Damage may occur during oro-tracheal intubation, oral endoscopy or seismotherapy. The incidence was reported in a study conducted in the contentious department of Lyon hospitals, in France, from 1978 to 1988. Results confirm that damage is relatively(More)
The ultrastructural changes of the feline superior vestibular commissural neurons (CNs) were quantitatively assessed 8 weeks following ipsilateral vestibular neurectomy. Results indicated a slight degeneration of synaptic profiles (SPs; 25%) representing the primary vestibular afferent input onto CN soma. The synaptic vesicles of the remaining SPs, which(More)