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The rice Xa21 gene, which confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae race 6, was isolated by positional cloning. Fifty transgenic rice plants carrying the cloned Xa21 gene display high levels of resistance to the pathogen. The sequence of the predicted protein, which carries both a leucine-rich repeat motif and a serine-threonine kinase-like(More)
The rice Xa21 gene confers resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv oryzae in a race-specific manner. Analysis of the inheritance patterns and resistance spectra of transgenic plants carrying six Xa21 gene family members indicated that one member, designated Xa21D, displayed a resistance spectrum identical to that observed for Xa21 but conferred only partial(More)
A platform for high-throughput production and analysis of transgenic cassava (Manihot esculenta) has been developed for the variety 60444 and implemented to generate plants expressing traits for nutritional enhancement, modified metabolism, promoter analysis and disease resistance. Over a three and a half year period this system has been utilized to produce(More)
The starchy swollen roots of cassava provide an essential food source for nearly a billion people, as well as possibilities for bioenergy, yet improvements to nutritional content and resistance to threatening diseases are currently impeded. A 454-based whole genome shotgun sequence has been assembled, which covers 69% of the predicted genome size and 96% of(More)
BACKGROUND Viruses of the genus Begomovirus (family Geminiviridae) have genomes consisting of either one or two genomic components. The component of bipartite begomoviruses known as DNA-A is homologous to the genomes of all geminiviruses and encodes proteins required for replication, control of gene expression, overcoming host defenses, encapsidation and(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the time sustained near VO2max in two interval training (IT) swimming sessions comprising 4x400 m (IT(4x400)) or 16x100 (IT(16xl00)). Elite swimmers (Mean+/-SD age 18+/-2 yrs; body mass 66.9+/-6.5 kg: swim VO2max 55.7+/-5.8 ml.kg(-1).min(-1)) completed three experimental sessions at a 50-m indoor pool over a one(More)
The importance of cassava as a food security crop in Africa and the world Cassava, originally from South America, is the fourth most important source of calories in the developing world after the cereal crops wheat, maize, and rice. Worldwide, it feeds an estimated 700 million people directly or indirectly. Cassava production has increased steadily for the(More)
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a major staple food crop of the humid tropics. As a heterozygous, vegetatively propagated crop, robust transformation protocols must be developed for elite cultivars that allow predictable production of large numbers of independent transgenic plant lines. A high throughput Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system(More)
Fourteen isolates of Rice yellow mottle virus (RYMV) were selected as representative of the genetic variability of the virus in Africa from a total set of 320 isolates serologically typed or partially sequenced. The 14 isolates were fully sequenced and analyzed together with two previously reported sequences. RYMV had a genomic organization similar to that(More)
BACKGROUND Begomoviruses are single-stranded DNA viruses that cause economically important diseases of many crops throughout the world and induce symptoms in plants, including enations, leaf curling and stunting, that resemble developmental abnormalities. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous RNAs that are involved in a variety of activities, including(More)