Claude Loverdo

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The restriction endonuclease EcoRV can rapidly locate a short recognition site within long non-cognate DNA using 'facilitated diffusion'. This process has long been attributed to a sliding mechanism, in which the enzyme first binds to the DNA via nonspecific interaction and then moves along the DNA by 1D diffusion. Recent studies, however, provided evidence(More)
Lévy flights are known to be optimal search strategies in the particular case of revisitable targets. In the relevant situation of nonrevisitable targets, we propose an alternative model of two-dimensional (2D) search processes, which explicitly relies on the widely observed intermittent behavior of foraging animals. We show analytically that intermittent(More)
We study the behavior of a bacterial culture in a one-dimensional temperature gradient. The bacteria first accumulate near their natural temperature due to thermotaxis. The maximum of the bacterial density profile then drifts to lower temperature with a velocity proportional to the initial concentration of bacteria (typical velocity 0.5 microm/sec). Above a(More)
Facilitated diffusion of DNA-binding proteins is known to speed up target site location by combining three dimensional excursions and linear diffusion along the DNA. Here we explicitly calculate the distribution of the relocation lengths of such 3D excursions, and we quantify the short-range correlated excursions, also called hops, and the long-range(More)
Directionality of information flow through neuronal networks is sustained at cellular level by polarized neurons. However, specific targeting or anchoring motifs responsible for polarized distribution on the neuronal surface have only been identified for a few neuronal G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Here, through mutational and pharmacological(More)
Search problems at various scales involve a searcher, be it a molecule before reaction or a foraging animal, which performs an intermittent motion. Here we analyze a generic model based on such type of intermittent motion, in which the searcher alternates phases of slow motion allowing detection and phases of fast motion without detection. We present full(More)
Widely used chemical genetic screens have greatly facilitated the identification of many antiviral agents. However, the regions of interaction and inhibitory mechanisms of many therapeutic candidates have yet to be elucidated. Previous chemical screens identified Daclatasvir (BMS-790052) as a potent nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) inhibitor for Hepatitis C(More)
When pathogens encounter a novel environment, such as a new host species or treatment with an antimicrobial drug, their fitness may be reduced so that adaptation is necessary to avoid extinction. Evolutionary emergence is the process by which new pathogen strains arise in response to such selective pressures. Theoretical studies over the last decade have(More)
Various examples of biochemical reactions in cells, such as DNA/protein interactions, reveal that in extremely diluted regimes reaction paths are not always simple brownian trajectories. They can rather be qualified as intermittent, since they combine slow diffusion phases on one hand and a second mode of faster transport on the other hand, which can be(More)