Claude Lefebvre

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Microsatellite markers are increasingly being used in crop plants to discriminate among genotypes and as tools in marker-assisted selection. Here we evaluated the use of microsatellite markers to quantify the genetic diversity within as well as among accessions sampled from the world germplasm collection of sorghum. Considerable variation was found at the(More)
 The level of genetic diversity and the population genetic structure of sorghum landraces from North-western Morocco have been investigated based on direct field-sampling using both allozyme and microsatellite markers. As expected, microsatellite markers showed a much higher degree of polymorphism than allozymes, but relative measures of genetic structure(More)
We assessed the outcrossing rate of sorghum landraces sampled in situ from two fields under traditional cultivation in north-western Morocco using genotypic data from five microsatellite loci. Assuming a mixed mating model, we estimated outcrossing parameters by two methods that are based on progeny analyses. With both methods, the multilocus estimate of(More)
At present, no efficient technique is available for cleaning up soils which are highly polluted by heavy metals. Limiting the movement of pollutants out of the contaminated area by creating a dense and persistent plant cover appears to be the more reasonable approach. In this context, phytostabilization is a technique that uses metallicolous plants to(More)
Variation in plant elemental composition (Ni, Ca, Mg, Mg/Ca ratio) in relation to soil composition was investigated in a poorly studied ultramafic area in the north of Morocco. A total of 142 leaf samples representing 36 species from 9 sites (5 ultramafic and 4 normal soils from adjacent areas) were analysed. The soil was richer in Mg and Ni and had a(More)
* We examined phenotypic plasticity of fitness components in response to zinc (Zn) in the Zn hyperaccumulator, Thlaspi caerulescens. * Two populations from Zn-enriched soils (M) and two populations from normal soils (NM) were grown in pots at three Zn concentrations (0, 1000 and 8000 mg kg(-1) Zn), for an entire life cycle. Growth, Zn accumulation and(More)
Patterns of variation in inflorescence and spikelet morphology and in allozyme markers were studied within and among six fields of sorghum sampled from different areas in Northwestern Morocco. Substantial variation for both types of markers is found within fields. Significant differentiation among fields occurs for both types of traits, with 63% of(More)
Field reciprocal transplantations of two metallicolous populations (Mpops) and two nonmetallicolous populations (NMpops) of Thlaspi caerulescens were performed here to determine the pattern of local adaptation and to assess the cost of adaptation of Mpops to a metalliferous environment (Menv). The role of herbivores as an important selective pressure in the(More)
The larvae of Issoria lathonia L. feed in natural conditions on several Viola spp., among which are the zinc-accumulating Viola calaminaria (Gingins) Lej. and the nonmetal-accumulating Viola tricolor L. To examine how I. lathonia caterpillars cope with the naturally high foliar zinc concentration of V. calaminaria, we compared the growth of caterpillars(More)
The excessive concentrations of toxic heavy metals in mine tailings and their very low N content make soil reclamation strategies by phytostabilization difficult. Our objective was to test if the symbiotic association between the legume Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. carpatica and the bacteria Mesorhizobium metallidurans originating from highly polluted mine(More)