Claude L Dykstra

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Recent studies have suggested that glia might play a more active role in synaptic function than previously thought. Therefore, the present studies have evaluated the potential role of spinal cord glia in acute nociceptive processing and in the thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia produced by peripheral injury. In the present experiments, we found that: (1)(More)
The intrathecal (i.t.) administration of either N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA, 10 fmol to 10 pmol) or L-arginine (1 pmol to 10 nmol), but not D-arginine (1 pmol to 10 nmol), produced a rapid, transient, dose-dependent facilitation (maximal response of 30.9 +/- 6.0% and 33.7 +/- 1.5%, respectively) of the nociceptive tail-flick reflex (ED50 = 47.8 +/- 15.4 fmol(More)
There is general agreement that activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor is involved in thermal hyperalgesia. However, there is less agreement on the specific intracellular events subsequent to receptor activation and the involvement of other excitatory amino acid receptors in thermal hyperalgesia. In the present study, we found that the intrathecal(More)
Although recent reports have shown that production of nitric oxide (NO) is primarily involved in thermal hyperalgesia, the available behavioral evidence suggests that the signal transduction mechanisms involved in mechanical hyperalgesia, in general, do not involve NO. We report here that production of another labile gaseous messenger, carbon monoxide (CO)(More)
Several recent reports document that activation of the NMDA receptor is required for the development and maintenance of thermal hyperalgesia. In contrast, the receptor subtype(s) involved in mechanisms that underlie mechanical hyperalgesia are at present unknown. We report here that acute mechanical hyperalgesia in the rat is not produced by NMDA receptor(More)
Recent observations using acute and persistent pain models have suggested that activation of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor is required for mechanisms that underly the development and maintenance of thermal hyperalgesia. The present results document that both NMDA-mediated thermal hyperalgesia produced after acute intrathecal NMDA administration(More)
Ichthyophonus occurred at high prevalence but low intensity in Pacific Halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) throughout the west coast of North America, ranging from coastal Oregon to the Bering Sea. Infection prevalence in adults was variable on spatial and temporal scales, with the lowest prevalence typically occurring on the edges of the geographic range and(More)
Total mercury concentrations ([THg]), δ15N and δ13C values were determined in muscle of 693 Pacific halibut caught in International Pacific Halibut Commission setline surveys in Alaska (2002-2011). Project goals were to evaluate whether 1) δ15N and δ13C varied with region, age, sex and length of halibut, and 2) muscle [THg] varied with δ15N and δ13C(More)
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