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The effect of cyclopiazonic acid, an inhibitor of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, was investigated on force generation by the contractile apparatus in Triton-skinned fibres from extensor digitorum longus and soleus. Concentrations of cyclopiazonic acid lower than 10 microM were without effect on Ca(2+)-activated tension in both types of muscles. In(More)
PURPOSE We studied the effects of high doses of an anabolic-androgenic steroid, exercise training, and a combination of steroid and training on mammalian fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscles at the cellular level. METHODS Thirty-two male rats were divided into sedentary and treadmill-trained groups (increased speed and time: 18 m.min-1, 0.5 h.d-1, 5(More)
This investigation was designed to examine whether short-term administration of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) (nandrolone decanoate) could produce changes in contractile responses of untrained rat fast- (edl) and slow- (soleus) twitch skeletal muscle. Twenty male rats were divided into two groups, one group received weekly (for 6 weeks) an(More)
We have investigated the influence of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ content on the retrograde control of skeletal muscle L-type Ca2+ channels activity by ryanodine receptors (RyR). The effects of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) and thapsigargin (TG), two structurally unrelated inhibitors of SR Ca(2+)-adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase), were examined on the(More)
In frog atrial fibres, cyclopiazonic acid as well as thapsigargin, which are inhibitors of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, induced a significant increase in the twitch amplitude without detectable changes in its kinetics. The measurements performed on chemically skinned fibres show that cyclopiazonic acid has no effect on the properties of contractile(More)
The effects of cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) were investigated on isolated skeletal muscle fibers of frog semitendinosus muscle. CPA (0.5-10 microM) enhanced isometric twitch but produced little change in resting tension. At higher concentrations (10-50 microM), CPA depressed twitch and induced sustained contracture without affecting resting and action(More)
The effects of cyclopiazonic acid, a specific inhibitor of the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase, on membrane currents and contraction were investigated under voltage clamped conditions on frog atrial trabeculae using the double mannitol-gap technique. In ringer solution, cyclopiazonic acid (10 microM) decreased the phasic contraction at all levels of(More)
The effects of cyclopiazonic acid, a specific sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase inhibitor, on isometric tension were studied in response to prolonged steady-state depolarization induced by a rapid change in extracellular potassium concentration (potassium contractures) in frog semitendinosus muscle fibres. Cyclopiazonic acid (1-10 microM) enhanced the(More)
Ca2+ ATPase and calcium binding proteins were studied in cardiac and skeletal muscles of normal and dystrophic mice. In normal and dystrophic mice, Ca2+ ATPase was quite reduced in cardiac muscle compared to skeletal muscle and was, unlike skeletal muscle, insensitive to orthovanadate. Ca2+ ATPase in skeletal muscle of dystrophic mice was reduced as(More)
Slow-twitch and fast-twitch muscle fibres have specific contractile properties to respond to specific needs. Since sodium current density is higher in fast-twitch than in slow-twitch fibres, sodium channels contribute to the phenotypic feature of myofibres. Phenotype determination is not irreversible: after periods of rat hindlimb unloading (HU), a model of(More)