Claude Klein-Soyer

Learn More
The presence in whole blood of circulating endothelial cells (EC) has been a subject of debate for many years. It could represent a good marker of vessel injury. We demonstrate here that human endothelial cells can be directly isolated and identified in circulating blood by means of an endothelial cell specific monoclonal antibody, S-Endo1, coupled to(More)
1. The effects of forskolin, prostaglandin E1 (PGE1), dibutyryl cyclic AMP (db cyclic AMP), dibutyryl cyclic GMP (db cyclic GMP) and 3-isobutyl-l-methyl-xanthine (IBMX) were investigated on the expression of tissue factor and thrombomodulin activities on the surface of human saphenous vein endothelial cells (HSVEC) in culture. 2. Forskolin (10(-6) to 10(-4)(More)
Thrombomodulin and tissue-factor activities were measured on the surface of confluent human saphenous-vein endothelial cells (HSVEC) cultivated in 96-multiwell plates. Thrombomodulin activity was measured in the presence of purified human thrombin (2.2 nM) and protein C (65 nM). Tissue-factor activity was measured with purified human Factor VII (5 nM) and(More)
We investigated whether PF4 could regulate the constitutive and thrombin-stimulated expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs) in endothelial cells (EC). PF4 inhibited the increase in the expression of MMP-1 and MMP-3 promoted by thrombin or the thrombin receptor agonist peptide SFLLRNPNDKYEPF (SFLL..) by 50% but did not modify the constitutive expression of(More)
p53 mutations are found in about 70% of human cancers. In order to evaluate the role of these mutations in response to chemotherapeutic agents, it is important to distinguish between p53 response to DNA-damaging agents in normal and in tumour cells. Here, using normal human fibroblasts (NHFs), we show that cisplatin and UV radiation induce G2/M arrest which(More)
In the literature the sensitization of DNA to radiation-induced damage by caffeine has been attributed to an override of the G2/M block. This process was supposed to involve the tumor suppressor gene p53 as it was described that p53 negative cells were more sensitive to checkpoint inhibition by caffeine than the wildtype phenotype. We have recently shown(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are responsible for the degradation of extracellular matrix components and are secreted by a variety of cells including human endothelial cells. Because alpha-thrombin is known to interact with matrix components and has been shown to activate latent MMP-2 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, we investigated whether(More)
A reliable procedure is described for the joint analysis of vitamin E (tocopherols), cholesterol and phospholipids in the same minute sample of human platelets and on human cultured endothelial cells. The whole procedure is based on the extraction of total lipids, thin-layer chromatography of all compounds of interest and microcolumn purification of(More)
The interactions of MCF-7 tumor cells with human vascular endothelial cells (EC) and subendothelial extracellular matrices (ECM) were morphologically observed by electron microscopy and quantitatively evaluated by labelling tumor cells with 111Indium-oxine. MCF-7 tumor cells adhered more rapidly to ECM than to the apical surface of a confluent monolayer of(More)
CD9, a widely expressed membrane protein of the tetraspanin family, has been implicated in diverse functions, such as signal transduction, cell adhesion, and cell motility. We tested the effects of an anti-CD9 monoclonal antibody (ALMA.1) on the migration and proliferation of human vascular endothelial cells (ECs) during repair of an in vitro mechanical(More)