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The two main constituent water masses of the deep North Atlantic Ocean-North Atlantic Deep Water at the bottom and Labrador Sea Water at an intermediate level-are currently formed in the Nordic seas and the Labrador Sea, respectively. The rate of formation of these two water masses tightly governs the strength of the global ocean circulation and the(More)
We computed the respective amounts of exogenous glucose (G) and fructose (F), which are oxidized during exercise when ingested simultaneously, with the use of 13C labeling. Six subjects exercised for 2 h at 60.7 +/- 2.9% of maximal O2 uptake on a cycle ergometer while ingesting 50 or 100 g of G or F or a mixture of 50 g each of G and F in 500 ml of water.(More)
The oxidation of glucose and fructose ingested during moderate exercise performed on a cycle ergometer (120 min, 52% VO2max) was compared in ten young males fasted (n = 5) or fed (n = 5) before exercise. The subjects ingested randomly 1.33 g/kg body weight (approximately 96 +/- 9 g) of either enriched 13C-glucose (G), 13C-fructose (F), or water only (W);(More)
Seven healthy male volunteers exercised on a cycle ergometer at 50 +/- 5% VO2max for 180 min, on three occasions during which they ingested either water only (W), [13C]glucose (G), or [13C]fructose (F) (140 +/- 12 g, diluted at 7% in water, and evenly distributed over the exercise period). Blood glucose concentration (in mM) significantly decreased during(More)
The purpose of the present study was to describe the relationship between the metabolic rate (W.kg-1 b.m.) and the oxidation rate (mg.kg-1.min-1) of exogenous glucose and fructose during prolonged exercise in 18 healthy active male volunteers (VO2max = 43-71 ml.kg-1.min-1). Each subject performed three 120-min exercises at 60% VO2max (8.5-15.0 W.kg-1.min-1)(More)
The purpose of this study is to outline a common mistake made when the rate of oxidation of exogenous substrates during prolonged exercise is computed using 13C naturally labeled substrates. The equation proposed and commonly used in the computation does not take into account that exercise and/or exogenous substrate ingestion modifies the composition of the(More)
The variation of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) formation over the Last Glacial cycle, from Oxygen Isotopic Substage 5e (OIS-5e; the Eemian) to future global warming projections, is investigated using the UVic Earth System Climate Model. The results are compared with available micropaleontological and stable isotope proxy paleo-reconstructions.(More)
The oxidation of 13C-labeled glucose and fructose ingested as a preexercise meal between 180 and 90 min before exercise was measured on 6 subjects when either a placebo or sucrose was ingested during the exercise period. Labeled hexose oxidation, which occurred mainly during the first hour of exercise, was not significantly modified when sucrose was(More)
The metabolic response to a 150 or 400 g 13C-labelled pasta meal was studied for 8 h following rest or exercise at low or moderate workload (n 6). Following rest, the 400 g meal totally suppressed fat oxidation (v. 14.1 g following the 150 g meal) and a small amount of glucose was converted into fat (4.6 g), but fat oxidation remained high in subjects who(More)