Claude Hillaire-Marcel

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The two main constituent water masses of the deep North Atlantic Ocean-North Atlantic Deep Water at the bottom and Labrador Sea Water at an intermediate level-are currently formed in the Nordic seas and the Labrador Sea, respectively. The rate of formation of these two water masses tightly governs the strength of the global ocean circulation and the(More)
The effect of a diet either high or low in carbohydrates (CHO) on exogenous 13C-labeled glucose oxidation (200 g) during exercise (ergocycle: 120 min at 64.0 +/- 0.5% maximal oxygen uptake) was studied in six subjects. Between 40 and 80 min, exogenous glucose oxidation was significantly higher after the diet low in CHO (0.63 +/- 0.05 vs. 0.52 +/- 0.04(More)
We computed the respective amounts of exogenous glucose (G) and fructose (F), which are oxidized during exercise when ingested simultaneously, with the use of 13C labeling. Six subjects exercised for 2 h at 60.7 +/- 2.9% of maximal O2 uptake on a cycle ergometer while ingesting 50 or 100 g of G or F or a mixture of 50 g each of G and F in 500 ml of water.(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the oxidation of 13C-labeled glucose, fructose, and glucose polymer ingested (1.33 in 19 water) during cycle exercise (120 min, 53 +/- 2% maximal O2 uptake) in six healthy male subjects. Oxidation of exogenous glucose and glucose polymer (72 +/- 15 and 65 +/- 18%, respectively, of the 98.9 +/- 4.7 g(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the oxidation of [13C]glucose (100 g) ingested at rest or during exercise in six trained (TS) and six sedentary (SS) male subjects. The oxidation of plasma glucose was also computed from the volume of 13CO2 and 13C/12C in plasma glucose to compute the oxidation rate of glucose released from the liver and from(More)
The purpose of the present study was to describe the relationship between the metabolic rate ( b.m.) and the oxidation rate ( of exogenous glucose and fructose during prolonged exercise in 18 healthy active male volunteers (VO2max = 43-71 Each subject performed three 120-min exercises at 60% VO2max (8.5-15.0
The purpose of this study is to outline a common mistake made when the rate of oxidation of exogenous substrates during prolonged exercise is computed using 13C naturally labeled substrates. The equation proposed and commonly used in the computation does not take into account that exercise and/or exogenous substrate ingestion modifies the composition of the(More)
The respective oxidation of glycerol and glucose (0.36 g/kg each) ingested simultaneously immediately before exercise (120 min at 68 +/- 2% maximal oxygen uptake) was measured in six subjects using (13)C labeling. Indirect respiratory calorimetry corrected for protein and glycerol oxidation was used to evaluate the effect of glucose + glycerol ingestion on(More)
The variation of North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) formation over the Last Glacial cycle, from Oxygen Isotopic Substage 5e (OIS-5e; the Eemian) to future global warming projections, is investigated using the UVic Earth System Climate Model. The results are compared with available micropaleontological and stable isotope proxy paleo-reconstructions.(More)
Seven healthy male volunteers exercised on a cycle ergometer at 50 +/- 5% VO2max for 180 min, on three occasions during which they ingested either water only (W), [13C]glucose (G), or [13C]fructose (F) (140 +/- 12 g, diluted at 7% in water, and evenly distributed over the exercise period). Blood glucose concentration (in mM) significantly decreased during(More)