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We computed the respective amounts of exogenous glucose (G) and fructose (F), which are oxidized during exercise when ingested simultaneously, with the use of 13C labeling. Six subjects exercised for 2 h at 60.7 +/- 2.9% of maximal O2 uptake on a cycle ergometer while ingesting 50 or 100 g of G or F or a mixture of 50 g each of G and F in 500 ml of water.(More)
The two main constituent water masses of the deep North Atlantic Ocean-North Atlantic Deep Water at the bottom and Labrador Sea Water at an intermediate level-are currently formed in the Nordic seas and the Labrador Sea, respectively. The rate of formation of these two water masses tightly governs the strength of the global ocean circulation and the(More)
The effect of a diet either high or low in carbohydrates (CHO) on exogenous 13C-labeled glucose oxidation (200 g) during exercise (ergocycle: 120 min at 64.0 +/- 0.5% maximal oxygen uptake) was studied in six subjects. Between 40 and 80 min, exogenous glucose oxidation was significantly higher after the diet low in CHO (0.63 +/- 0.05 vs. 0.52 +/- 0.04(More)
The purpose of this study is to outline a common mistake made when the rate of oxidation of exogenous substrates during prolonged exercise is computed using 13C naturally labeled substrates. The equation proposed and commonly used in the computation does not take into account that exercise and/or exogenous substrate ingestion modifies the composition of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the oxidation of [13C]glucose (100 g) ingested at rest or during exercise in six trained (TS) and six sedentary (SS) male subjects. The oxidation of plasma glucose was also computed from the volume of 13CO2 and 13C/12C in plasma glucose to compute the oxidation rate of glucose released from the liver and from(More)
The purpose of the present study was to describe the relationship between the metabolic rate (W.kg-1 b.m.) and the oxidation rate (mg.kg-1.min-1) of exogenous glucose and fructose during prolonged exercise in 18 healthy active male volunteers (VO2max = 43-71 ml.kg-1.min-1). Each subject performed three 120-min exercises at 60% VO2max (8.5-15.0 W.kg-1.min-1)(More)
Seven healthy male volunteers exercised on a cycle ergometer at 50 +/- 5% VO2max for 180 min, on three occasions during which they ingested either water only (W), [13C]glucose (G), or [13C]fructose (F) (140 +/- 12 g, diluted at 7% in water, and evenly distributed over the exercise period). Blood glucose concentration (in mM) significantly decreased during(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the oxidation of 13C-labeled glucose, fructose, and glucose polymer ingested (1.33 g.kg-1 in 19 ml.kg-1 water) during cycle exercise (120 min, 53 +/- 2% maximal O2 uptake) in six healthy male subjects. Oxidation of exogenous glucose and glucose polymer (72 +/- 15 and 65 +/- 18%, respectively, of the 98.9 +/- 4.7 g(More)
The oxidation of glucose and fructose ingested during moderate exercise performed on a cycle ergometer (120 min, 52% VO2max) was compared in ten young males fasted (n = 5) or fed (n = 5) before exercise. The subjects ingested randomly 1.33 g/kg body weight (approximately 96 +/- 9 g) of either enriched 13C-glucose (G), 13C-fructose (F), or water only (W);(More)
The decarboxylation/oxidation and the deamination of 13C- and [15N]alanine ingested (1 g/kg or 73.7 +/- 2 g) during prolonged exercise at low workload (180 min at 53 +/- 2% maximal O2 uptake) was measured in six healthy male subjects from V13CO2 at the mouth and [15N]urea excretion in urine and sweat. Over the exercise period, 50.6 +/- 3.5 g of exogenous(More)